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  1. YorkU.Forest.Oct24-2016.csv Figshare

    ID: doi:10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.4056261

    Release Date: 10-25-2016

    Description: sweep nets were performed to survey invertebrates.1 replicate was conducted to observe vertebrates abundance.
    Abundance of native plants%3A This continuous variable measures the total number of individual plants that are native to Ontario within a 0.5 x 0.5 m quadrat.
    Abundance of exotic plants%3A This continuous variable measures the total number of individual plants that are exotic in Ontario within a 0.5 x 0.5 m quadrat.
    Total number of flowers%3A This continuous variable measures the total number of independent flower heads within a quadrat.
    Abundance of woody plants%3A This continuous variable measures the amount of a trees present within 0.5 meters of the transect. The tree must be larger than 1.5 meters.
    Canopy cover%3A This continuous variable represents the amount of canopy covera...

  2. Abundance and Diversity of Plants, Flowers, Vertebrates, and Invertebrates at York University in Woodlot Area (Keele Campus) Figshare

    ID: doi:10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.4056243

    Release Date: 10-25-2016

    Description: that were visibly sprouting%0Afrom plants within 1 metre on each side of the transect were considered. Data%0Awas collected using a transect survey method and observation; a 50 metre%0Atransect was placed in a woodlot and yielded a total of 25 replicates since%0Adata was measured and recorded every 2 metres. This variable is a quantitative%0Aand discrete variable.%0A%0AVertebrates & Invertebrates%3A Mihails Ditmans%0A%0AVertebrate%0AAbundance%3A%0A%0AThe vertebrate abundance%0Ais the number of vertebrates seen within a 50m radius of the observation point%0Aover a course of 15 minutes. Vertebrates were counted on trees, on the ground, and%0Ain the air. This is a quantitative discrete variable. Data collection began at 3%3A00%0Afor the vertebrate observation and 3%3A15 for the invertebrate observations.%0A%0AVertebrate%0ADiversity%3A%0A%0AThe vertebrate%0Adiversity is the number of different types of vertebrates found within a 50m%0Aradius of the observation point over a course of 15 minutes. Birds of%0Aobservably different morphology were counted separate in terms of diversity,%0Afor example seagulls, small black birds and large black birds. Vertebrates were%0Acounted on trees, on the ground, and in the air. This is a quantitative%0Adiscrete variable. Data collection began at 3%3A00 for the vertebrate observation%0Aand 3%3A15 for the invertebrate observations.%0A%0AHuman Abundance%3A%0A%0AThe human abundance is%0Athe number of humans seen within a 50m radius of the observation point over a%0Acourse of 15 minutes. One person passing through multiple times was only counted%0Aonce. This is a quantitative discrete variable. Data collection began at 3%3A00%0Afor the vertebrate observation and 3%3A15 for the invertebrate observations.%0A%0AObserved%0AInvertebrate Abundance%3A%0A%0AThe observed abundance%0Aof invertebrates is the number of invertebrates seen in a 5m radius of the%0Aobservation point over a course of 15 minutes. Both land invertebrates and%0Aflying invertebrates were included. If a fast moving invertebrate was seen%0Amultiple times it was counted as multiple individuals. This is a quantitative%0Adiscrete variable. Data collection began at 3%3A00 for the vertebrate observation%0Aand 3%3A15 for the invertebrate observations.%0A%0AInvertebrates%3A Miriam Bastawrous%0A%0AA total of 6 pan traps%0Awere distributed 3 metres apart in alternating colours of yellow, white, and%0Ablue. They were filled with soapy water from 2%3A50pm and left out until 3%3A20pm%0Ain a forest area (total duration of 30 minutes). At the end of each period the%0Aabundance of invertebrates, which is the number of invertebrates seen inside%0Athe bowl, were recorded. Only invertebrates found in the water in the bowl were%0Acounted, not those on the rim. This variable is a quantitative discrete%0Avariable. Next, a sweep net was used along the 50 metre length of the transect%0A10 separate times. Each time the sweep net reached the end of the transect, the%0Aabundance of invertebrates, which is the number of invertebrates within the%0Anet, was recorded. Only invertebrates in the mesh portion of the sweep net were%0Aconsidered. This variable is a quantitative discrete variable.%0A%0AMethods%3A%0A%0AA 50 metre transect was%0Aused to measure several variables throughout the data collecting process.%0AQuadrats were placed every 2 metres alternating left and right starting at one%0Aend of the transect for a total of 25 replicates. Total abundances of native%0Aand exotic plants were recorded, as well as t...

  3. Abundance and Diversity of Plants, Flowers, Vertebrates, and Invertebrates at York University in Pond area and Impermeable Area (Keele Campus) Figshare

    ID: doi:10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.4037379

    Release Date: 10-18-2016

    Description: over a course of 15 minutes. Cars were counted as 1 person unless more could be seen through the windows. One person passing through multiple times was only counted once. This is a quantitative discrete variable. Data collection began in the pond area at 3%3A00 for the vertebrate observation and 3%3A15 for the invertebrate observations and in the impermeable area began at 3%3A45 for vertebrate and 4%3A00 for invertebrate.Observed Invertebrate Abundance%3AThe observed abundance of invertebrates is the number of invertebrates seen in a 5m radius of the observation point over a course of 15 minutes. Both land invertebrates and flying invertebrates were included. If a fast moving invertebrate was seen multiple times it was counted as multiple individuals. This is a quantitative discrete variable. Data collection began in the pond area at 3%3A00 for the vertebrate observation and 3%3A15 for the invertebrate observations and in the impermeable area began at 3%3A45 for vertebrate and 4%3A00 for invertebrate.Invertebrates%3A Miriam BastawrousA total of 6 pan%0Atraps were distributed 3 metres apart in alternating colours of yellow, white,%0Aand blue. They were filled with soapy water from 3%3A00pm and%0Aleft out until 3%3A30pm near%0Athe shore of a pond (total duration of 30 minutes) and from 3%3A40pm to 4%3A00pm in%0Athe impermeable area (total duration of 20 minutes). At the end of each%0Aperiod the abundance of invertebrates, which is the number of invertebrates seen inside the liquid of the bowl, were recorded. This variable is a quantitative discrete variable. Next, a sweep%0Anet was used along the 50 metre length of the transect 10 separate times. Each%0Atime the sweep net reached the end of the transect, the abundance of%0Ainvertebrates, which is the number of invertebrates within any part of the net, found in the net was recorded. This variable is a quantitative discrete variable. This was done in the pond area at 3%3A10 and in the impermeable area at 3%3A45.Methods%3AA 50 metre transect was used to measure several variables throughout the data collecting process. Quadrats were placed every 2 metres alternating left and right starting at one end of the transect for a total of 25 replicates. Total abundance of native and exotic plants were recorded as well as total number of flowers within each quadrat. Additionally, the transect was used to measure the abundance of woody plants, canopy coverage, vegetation/ground coverage, and abundance of flowers. Here, observations were made after stopping every 2 metres and observing the immediate surroundings for all variables. Canopy coverage was estimated by looking straight up while vegetation/ground coverage and abundance of flowers was estimated by looking down. This process was also repeated for a total of 25 replicates. The abundance of vertebrates and number of vertebrate species within a 50 metre radius at one end of the transect was measured and recorded through observation for at least 15 minutes. In another 15 minute interval, the abundance of invertebrates was recorded using the same methods. Finally, sweep nets were used to collect the abundance of invertebrates by walking along the transect for a total of 10 replicates. Subsequently, 6 pan traps placed 3 metres apart were used to also collect the abundance of invertebrates at one end of the transect. The traps alternated in colours of yellow, white, and blue. Each pan trap was left to collect invertebrates for at least 30 minutes. All of the methods listed above were conducted in both a pond area and impermeable area at the Keele Campus of York University on a foggy and humid afternoon from 3pm-5pm.Hypothesis%3APlant and animal species would be more abundant in pond areas compared to impermeable areas. This would be due to plants having soft soil for nutrients to grow and consequently the animals having plants to eat.Predictions%3A1) There will be a greater abundance of native, flowering, and exotic plants in the pond area compared to the impermeable area.2) Canopy coverage and vegetation coverage will be greater in the pond area than in the impermeable area.3) Abundance of invertebrates, abundance of vertebrates, and diversity of vertebrates will be greater in the pond area than in the impermeable area....

  4. Abundance and Diversity of Plants, Flowers, Vertebrates, and Invertebrates at York University in Pond area and Impermeable Area (Keele Campus) Figshare

    ID: doi:10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.4037379.V2

    Release Date: 10-18-2016

    Description: over a course of 15 minutes. Cars were counted as 1 person unless more could be seen through the windows. One person passing through multiple times was only counted once. This is a quantitative discrete variable. Data collection began in the pond area at 3%3A00 for the vertebrate observation and 3%3A15 for the invertebrate observations and in the impermeable area began at 3%3A45 for vertebrate and 4%3A00 for invertebrate.Observed Invertebrate Abundance%3AThe observed abundance of invertebrates is the number of invertebrates seen in a 5m radius of the observation point over a course of 15 minutes. Both land invertebrates and flying invertebrates were included. If a fast moving invertebrate was seen multiple times it was counted as multiple individuals. This is a quantitative discrete variable. Data collection began in the pond area at 3%3A00 for the vertebrate observation and 3%3A15 for the invertebrate observations and in the impermeable area began at 3%3A45 for vertebrate and 4%3A00 for invertebrate.Invertebrates%3A Miriam BastawrousA total of 6 pan%0Atraps were distributed 3 metres apart in alternating colours of yellow, white,%0Aand blue. They were filled with soapy water from 3%3A00pm and%0Aleft out until 3%3A30pm near%0Athe shore of a pond (total duration of 30 minutes) and from 3%3A40pm to 4%3A00pm in%0Athe impermeable area (total duration of 20 minutes). At the end of each%0Aperiod the abundance of invertebrates, which is the number of invertebrates seen inside the liquid of the bowl, were recorded. This variable is a quantitative discrete variable. Next, a sweep%0Anet was used along the 50 metre length of the transect 10 separate times. Each%0Atime the sweep net reached the end of the transect, the abundance of%0Ainvertebrates, which is the number of invertebrates within any part of the net, found in the net was recorded. This variable is a quantitative discrete variable. This was done in the pond area at 3%3A10 and in the impermeable area at 3%3A45.Methods%3AA 50 metre transect was used to measure several variables throughout the data collecting process. Quadrats were placed every 2 metres alternating left and right starting at one end of the transect for a total of 25 replicates. Total abundance of native and exotic plants were recorded as well as total number of flowers within each quadrat. Additionally, the transect was used to measure the abundance of woody plants, canopy coverage, vegetation/ground coverage, and abundance of flowers. Here, observations were made after stopping every 2 metres and observing the immediate surroundings for all variables. Canopy coverage was estimated by looking straight up while vegetation/ground coverage and abundance of flowers was estimated by looking down. This process was also repeated for a total of 25 replicates. The abundance of vertebrates and number of vertebrate species within a 50 metre radius at one end of the transect was measured and recorded through observation for at least 15 minutes. In another 15 minute interval, the abundance of invertebrates was recorded using the same methods. Finally, sweep nets were used to collect the abundance of invertebrates by walking along the transect for a total of 10 replicates. Subsequently, 6 pan traps placed 3 metres apart were used to also collect the abundance of invertebrates at one end of the transect. The traps alternated in colours of yellow, white, and blue. Each pan trap was left to collect invertebrates for at least 30 minutes. All of the methods listed above were conducted in both a pond area and impermeable area at the Keele Campus of York University on a foggy and humid afternoon from 3pm-5pm.Hypothesis%3APlant and animal species would be more abundant in pond areas compared to impermeable areas. This would be due to plants having soft soil for nutrients to grow and consequently the animals having plants to eat.Predictions%3A1) There will be a greater abundance of native, flowering, and exotic plants in the pond area compared to the impermeable area.2) Canopy coverage and vegetation coverage will be greater in the pond area than in the impermeable area.3) Abundance of invertebrates, abundance of vertebrates, and diversity of vertebrates will be greater in the pond area than in the impermeable area....

  5. Abundance and Diversity of Plants, Flowers, Vertebrates, and Invertebrates at York University in Woodlot Area (Keele Campus) Figshare

    ID: doi:10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.4056243.V1

    Release Date: 10-25-2016

    Description: that were visibly sprouting%0Afrom plants within 1 metre on each side of the transect were considered. Data%0Awas collected using a transect survey method and observation; a 50 metre%0Atransect was placed in a woodlot and yielded a total of 25 replicates since%0Adata was measured and recorded every 2 metres. This variable is a quantitative%0Aand discrete variable.%0A%0AVertebrates & Invertebrates%3A Mihails Ditmans%0A%0AVertebrate%0AAbundance%3A%0A%0AThe vertebrate abundance%0Ais the number of vertebrates seen within a 50m radius of the observation point%0Aover a course of 15 minutes. Vertebrates were counted on trees, on the ground, and%0Ain the air. This is a quantitative discrete variable. Data collection began at 3%3A00%0Afor the vertebrate observation and 3%3A15 for the invertebrate observations.%0A%0AVertebrate%0ADiversity%3A%0A%0AThe vertebrate%0Adiversity is the number of different types of vertebrates found within a 50m%0Aradius of the observation point over a course of 15 minutes. Birds of%0Aobservably different morphology were counted separate in terms of diversity,%0Afor example seagulls, small black birds and large black birds. Vertebrates were%0Acounted on trees, on the ground, and in the air. This is a quantitative%0Adiscrete variable. Data collection began at 3%3A00 for the vertebrate observation%0Aand 3%3A15 for the invertebrate observations.%0A%0AHuman Abundance%3A%0A%0AThe human abundance is%0Athe number of humans seen within a 50m radius of the observation point over a%0Acourse of 15 minutes. One person passing through multiple times was only counted%0Aonce. This is a quantitative discrete variable. Data collection began at 3%3A00%0Afor the vertebrate observation and 3%3A15 for the invertebrate observations.%0A%0AObserved%0AInvertebrate Abundance%3A%0A%0AThe observed abundance%0Aof invertebrates is the number of invertebrates seen in a 5m radius of the%0Aobservation point over a course of 15 minutes. Both land invertebrates and%0Aflying invertebrates were included. If a fast moving invertebrate was seen%0Amultiple times it was counted as multiple individuals. This is a quantitative%0Adiscrete variable. Data collection began at 3%3A00 for the vertebrate observation%0Aand 3%3A15 for the invertebrate observations.%0A%0AInvertebrates%3A Miriam Bastawrous%0A%0AA total of 6 pan traps%0Awere distributed 3 metres apart in alternating colours of yellow, white, and%0Ablue. They were filled with soapy water from 2%3A50pm and left out until 3%3A20pm%0Ain a forest area (total duration of 30 minutes). At the end of each period the%0Aabundance of invertebrates, which is the number of invertebrates seen inside%0Athe bowl, were recorded. Only invertebrates found in the water in the bowl were%0Acounted, not those on the rim. This variable is a quantitative discrete%0Avariable. Next, a sweep net was used along the 50 metre length of the transect%0A10 separate times. Each time the sweep net reached the end of the transect, the%0Aabundance of invertebrates, which is the number of invertebrates within the%0Anet, was recorded. Only invertebrates in the mesh portion of the sweep net were%0Aconsidered. This variable is a quantitative discrete variable.%0A%0AMethods%3A%0A%0AA 50 metre transect was%0Aused to measure several variables throughout the data collecting process.%0AQuadrats were placed every 2 metres alternating left and right starting at one%0Aend of the transect for a total of 25 replicates. Total abundances of native%0Aand exotic plants were recorded, as well as t...

  6. New draft item Figshare

    ID: doi:10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.4037379.V1

    Release Date: 10-18-2016

    Description: over a course of 15 minutes. Cars were counted as 1 person unless more could be seen through the windows. One person passing through multiple times was only counted once. This is a quantitative discrete variable. Data collection began in the pond area at 3%3A00 for the vertebrate observation and 3%3A15 for the invertebrate observations and in the impermeable area began at 3%3A45 for vertebrate and 4%3A00 for invertebrate.Observed Invertebrate Abundance%3AThe observed abundance of invertebrates is the number of invertebrates seen in a 5m radius of the observation point over a course of 15 minutes. Both land invertebrates and flying invertebrates were included. If a fast moving invertebrate was seen multiple times it was counted as multiple individuals. This is a quantitative discrete variable. Data collection began in the pond area at 3%3A00 for the vertebrate observation and 3%3A15 for the invertebrate observations and in the impermeable area began at 3%3A45 for vertebrate and 4%3A00 for invertebrate.Invertebrates%3A Miriam BastawrousA total of 6 pan%0Atraps were distributed 3 metres apart in alternating colours of yellow, white,%0Aand blue. They were filled with soapy water from 3%3A00pm and%0Aleft out until 3%3A30pm near%0Athe shore of a pond (total duration of 30 minutes) and from 3%3A40pm to 4%3A00pm in%0Athe impermeable area (total duration of 20 minutes). At the end of each%0Aperiod the abundance of invertebrates, which is the number of invertebrates seen inside the liquid of the bowl, were recorded. This variable is a quantitative discrete variable. Next, a sweep%0Anet was used along the 50 metre length of the transect 10 separate times. Each%0Atime the sweep net reached the end of the transect, the abundance of%0Ainvertebrates, which is the number of invertebrates within any part of the net, found in the net was recorded. This variable is a quantitative discrete variable. This was done in the pond area at 3%3A10 and in the impermeable area at 3%3A45.Methods%3AA 50 metre transect was used to measure several variables throughout the data collecting process. Quadrats were placed every 2 metres alternating left and right starting at one end of the transect for a total of 25 replicates. Total abundance of native and exotic plants were recorded as well as total number of flowers within each quadrat. Additionally, the transect was used to measure the abundance of woody plants, canopy coverage, vegetation/ground coverage, and abundance of flowers. Here, observations were made after stopping every 2 metres and observing the immediate surroundings for all variables. Canopy coverage was estimated by looking straight up while vegetation/ground coverage and abundance of flowers was estimated by looking down. This process was also repeated for a total of 25 replicates. The abundance of vertebrates and number of vertebrate species within a 50 metre radius at one end of the transect was measured and recorded through observation for at least 15 minutes. In another 15 minute interval, the abundance of invertebrates was recorded using the same methods. Finally, sweep nets were used to collect the abundance of invertebrates by walking along the transect for a total of 10 replicates. Subsequently, 6 pan traps placed 3 metres apart were used to also collect the abundance of invertebrates at one end of the transect. The traps alternated in colours of yellow, white, and blue. Each pan trap was left to collect invertebrates for at least 30 minutes. All of the methods listed above were conducted in both a pond area and impermeable area at the Keele Campus of York University on a foggy and humid afternoon from 3pm-5pm.Hypothesis%3APlant and animal species would be more abundant in pond areas compared to disturbed areas. This would be due to plants having soft soil for nutrients to grow and consequently the animals having plants to eat.Predictions%3A1) There will be a greater abundance of native, flowering, and exotic plants in the pond area compared to the impermeable area.2) Canopy coverage and vegetation coverage will be greater in the pond area than in the impermeable area.3) Abundance of invertebrates, abundance of vertebrates, and diversity of vertebrates will be greater in the pond area than in the impermeable area....

  7. Hastings Reserve Annual Report Dryad

    DateIssued: 04-26-2011

    Description: unted for most of the research at Hastings (Table 1). Research Ecologist Dr. James Griffin continued his research studies of the ecology of California's oak woodlands. A new experimental study was designed and implemented to assess specific causes of mortality in oak seedlings. Nine hundred acorns were planted in screen pots and monitored. Dr. Griffin remains very active in statewide advisory coimittees with regard to conservation research in oak biology. Dr. Griffin was requested to consult with a variety of public and private organizations with regard to oak woodland or rare plant management. Academic Coordinator Dr. Mark Stromberg continued with preparation of manuscripts dealing with research conducted previous to assuming administrative duties at Hastings. Research regarding the roles of small mammals in the conservation biology of California oak woodlands is the subject of proposals for research support being sought from the Packard Foundation and the Carmel Ranch Company. Research Associate Dr. Janis Dickinson initiated studies of local wasp colonies and of leaf beetles on local milkweed plants. Dr. Dickinson authored 2 papers wh...

  8. YorkU.pond-impermeable.oct182016 Figshare

    ID: doi:10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.4040100

    Release Date: 10-19-2016

    Description: tions
    The presence of water enables the growth of vegetation which provides the required nutrients for both vertebrates and invertebrates. There is also a positive correlation between the number of humans observed and the impermeable habitat. Due to the lack of vegetation and living species in the area there are less obstacles and difficulties presented the humans. Thus resulting in more humans found in the impermeable habitat.
    Metadata
    -It took approximately two hours to complete all sampling techniques at both the pond and impermeable habitat- Weather conditions at approximately 3pm around the the pond were cloudy, windy, and 24°C- Weather conditions found at the impermeable habitat were partly cloudy, windy, and 24°C at 4pm- Pond lot was located near the pond at York University
    - Impermeable area was located at the baseball diamonds found directly across from the pond at York University- Abundance Native Plant%3A a numerical, quantitative measure of the number of native plants found approximately 0.5m from the transect tape. A native plant is one that is indigenous to a given area in geological time. To count the total number of blades of grass present per quadrat, the number of blades found in 1/100th the area of a quadrat was counted, then multiplied by 100. Each blade represents a single native plant.
    - Abundance Exotic Plant%3A a numerical, quantitative count of the total number of exotic plants found with the quadrat – each quadrat was thrown 0.5m away from the transect line. Each single stem sprouting from the ground within the quadrat is counted as one plant. An exotic plant is a plant species that has been artificially introduced to a geographical area by an external factor.
    - Total Number of Flowers%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of flowering buds found in a quadrat. Each flowering brand was counted as a single flower.- Abundance of Woody Plants%3A a numerical, quantitative measure of the number of woody plants found approximately 0.5m from the transect tape. A woody plant was considered if the height of the plant was over 1.5m.
    - Canopy Cover%3A a numerical, quantitative measure calculated in a percentage of the amount of cover the woody plant was covering. A zero was recorded if no woody plant was measured at the interval.- Ground Cover%3A a numerical, quantitative measure calculated in a percentage of the amount ground cover at each 2m interval along the transect.
    - Total Number of Flowers (Survey Method 2)%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of flowering buds found along the transect. A flower was considered if the stem was approximately 0.2m away from the transect on either side.- Abundance Vertebrates/Invertebrates%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of vertebrates and invertebrates. Vertebrates are organisms that possess a backbone/spinal column. Invertebrates are organisms that lack a backbone/spinal column.
    - Vertebrate Richness%3A numerical, quantitative data of the total number of different vertebrate species represented in an area- Abundance Human%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of humans present not including the students enrolled in BIOL 2050 Lab 07- Abundance Invertebrate pan traps%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of invertebrates collected in the pan traps laid at 3m intervals along the transect
    - Abundance Invertebrate sweeps%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of invertebrate collected in the sweep net walking along the 50m transectThe pan traps for both the pond areas and the impermeable areas followed the color order%3A yellow, white, and blue in the same repeated pattern.
    - While the pan traps were left out to collect data in the form of invertebrates near the pond area for about 15 minutes, they were only left out in the impermeable area for about 10 minutes before the data was reported- It should be noted that during data collection, the second pan trap, which was white and nearest to the pond area, tipped over and hence there was no data to report.- It is important to note that the 50 meter transect in the pond region contained a co...

  9. YorkU.pond-impermeable.oct182016 Figshare

    ID: doi:10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.4040100.V2

    Release Date: 10-19-2016

    Description: tions
    The presence of water enables the growth of vegetation which provides the required nutrients for both vertebrates and invertebrates. There is also a positive correlation between the number of humans observed and the impermeable habitat. Due to the lack of vegetation and living species in the area there are less obstacles and difficulties presented the humans. Thus resulting in more humans found in the impermeable habitat.
    Metadata
    -It took approximately two hours to complete all sampling techniques at both the pond and impermeable habitat- Weather conditions at approximately 3pm around the the pond were cloudy, windy, and 24°C- Weather conditions found at the impermeable habitat were partly cloudy, windy, and 24°C at 4pm- Pond lot was located near the pond at York University
    - Impermeable area was located at the baseball diamonds found directly across from the pond at York University- Abundance Native Plant%3A a numerical, quantitative measure of the number of native plants found approximately 0.5m from the transect tape. A native plant is one that is indigenous to a given area in geological time. To count the total number of blades of grass present per quadrat, the number of blades found in 1/100th the area of a quadrat was counted, then multiplied by 100. Each blade represents a single native plant.
    - Abundance Exotic Plant%3A a numerical, quantitative count of the total number of exotic plants found with the quadrat – each quadrat was thrown 0.5m away from the transect line. Each single stem sprouting from the ground within the quadrat is counted as one plant. An exotic plant is a plant species that has been artificially introduced to a geographical area by an external factor.
    - Total Number of Flowers%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of flowering buds found in a quadrat. Each flowering brand was counted as a single flower.- Abundance of Woody Plants%3A a numerical, quantitative measure of the number of woody plants found approximately 0.5m from the transect tape. A woody plant was considered if the height of the plant was over 1.5m.
    - Canopy Cover%3A a numerical, quantitative measure calculated in a percentage of the amount of cover the woody plant was covering. A zero was recorded if no woody plant was measured at the interval.- Ground Cover%3A a numerical, quantitative measure calculated in a percentage of the amount ground cover at each 2m interval along the transect.
    - Total Number of Flowers (Survey Method 2)%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of flowering buds found along the transect. A flower was considered if the stem was approximately 0.2m away from the transect on either side.- Abundance Vertebrates/Invertebrates%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of vertebrates and invertebrates. Vertebrates are organisms that possess a backbone/spinal column. Invertebrates are organisms that lack a backbone/spinal column.
    - Vertebrate Richness%3A numerical, quantitative data of the total number of different vertebrate species represented in an area- Abundance Human%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of humans present not including the students enrolled in BIOL 2050 Lab 07- Abundance Invertebrate pan traps%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of invertebrates collected in the pan traps laid at 3m intervals along the transect
    - Abundance Invertebrate sweeps%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of invertebrate collected in the sweep net walking along the 50m transectThe pan traps for both the pond areas and the impermeable areas followed the color order%3A yellow, white, and blue in the same repeated pattern.
    - While the pan traps were left out to collect data in the form of invertebrates near the pond area for about 15 minutes, they were only left out in the impermeable area for about 10 minutes before the data was reported- It should be noted that during data collection, the second pan trap, which was white and nearest to the pond area, tipped over and hence there was no data to report.- It is important to note that the 50 meter transect in the pond region contained a co...

  10. YorkU.pond-impermeable.oct182016 Figshare

    ID: doi:10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.4040100.V1

    Release Date: 10-19-2016

    Description: tions
    The presence of water enables the growth of vegetation which provides the required nutrients for both vertebrates and invertebrates. There is also a positive correlation between the number of humans observed and the impermeable habitat. Due to the lack of vegetation and living species in the area there are less obstacles and difficulties presented the humans. Thus resulting in more humans found in the impermeable habitat.
    Metadata
    -It took approximately two hours to complete all sampling techniques at both the pond and impermeable habitat- Weather conditions at approximately 3pm around the the pond were cloudy, windy, and 24°C- Weather conditions found at the impermeable habitat were partly cloudy, windy, and 24°C at 4pm- Pond lot was located near the pond at York University
    - Impermeable area was located at the baseball diamonds found directly across from the pond at York University- Abundance Native Plant%3A a numerical, quantitative measure of the number of native plants found approximately 0.5m from the transect tape. A native plant is one that is indigenous to a given area in geological time. To count the total number of blades of grass present per quadrat, the number of blades found in 1/100th the area of a quadrat was counted, then multiplied by 100. Each blade represents a single native plant.
    - Abundance Exotic Plant%3A a numerical, quantitative count of the total number of exotic plants found with the quadrat – each quadrat was thrown 0.5m away from the transect line. Each single stem sprouting from the ground within the quadrat is counted as one plant. An exotic plant is a plant species that has been artificially introduced to a geographical area by an external factor.
    - Total Number of Flowers%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of flowering buds found in a quadrat. Each flowering brand was counted as a single flower.- Abundance of Woody Plants%3A a numerical, quantitative measure of the number of woody plants found approximately 0.5m from the transect tape. A woody plant was considered if the height of the plant was over 1.5m.
    - Canopy Cover%3A a numerical, quantitative measure calculated in a percentage of the amount of cover the woody plant was covering. A zero was recorded if no woody plant was measured at the interval.- Ground Cover%3A a numerical, quantitative measure calculated in a percentage of the amount ground cover at each 2m interval along the transect.
    - Total Number of Flowers (Survey Method 2)%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of flowering buds found along the transect. A flower was considered if the stem was approximately 0.2m away from the transect on either side.- Abundance Vertebrates/Invertebrates%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of vertebrates and invertebrates. Vertebrates are organisms that possess a backbone/spinal column. Invertebrates are organisms that lack a backbone/spinal column.
    - Vertebrate Richness%3A numerical, quantitative data of the total number of different vertebrate species represented in an area- Abundance Human%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of humans present not including the students enrolled in BIOL 2050 Lab 07- Abundance Invertebrate pan traps%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of invertebrates collected in the pan traps laid at 3m intervals along the transect
    - Abundance Invertebrate sweeps%3A a numerical, quantitative data of the total number of invertebrate collected in the sweep net walking along the 50m transectThe pan traps for both the pond areas and the impermeable areas followed the color order%3A yellow, white, and blue in the same repeated pattern.
    - While the pan traps were left out to collect data in the form of invertebrates near the pond area for about 15 minutes, they were only left out in the impermeable area for about 10 minutes before the data was reported- It should be noted that during data collection, the second pan trap, which was white and nearest to the pond area, tipped over and hence there was no data to report.- It is important to note that the 50 meter transect in the pond region contained a co...

  11. YorkU.forest.oct5-2016.csv Figshare

    ID: doi:10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.3987360.V2

    Release Date: 10-06-2016

    Description: ects visible in the soapy water of one single pan trap 1.5 hours after it had been set. Invertebrates were counted by sight. Any species with recognizable morphology of an invertebrate were considered. Any individuals not in the soapy water were excluded from the count. Pan traps used were of identical size and contained relatively equal volumes of soapy water. Abundance invertebrates sweeps: The total number of individuals taxonomically classified as an invertebrate that was visible in the sweep net after a swift and repetitive figure eight movement along a transect for 50m. Individuals were counted by sight. Any species with recognizable invertebrate morphology were considered. Abundance invertebrates observed: The total number of individuals taxonomically classified as an invertebrate that was visible within a 5m radius of a central location in the woodlot. Area was observed for 15 minutes. Individuals were counted by sight in that time. Any species with recognizable invertebrate morphology were considered. Cite description: Data was collected in the Danby Woodlot found outside of York University campus on a Wednesday of early October around 3:00pm. There was a clear sky, little to no wind and a temperature of 20oC. The woodlot consisted of a very shaded area containing many trees and vegetation. Twigs, leaves, branches and litter covered the ground. A grassland was nearby. A dispersed crowd of 18 York University students and one TA were walking within the area collecting different samples.   Hypothesis:We Hypothesized that the closer the trees are to one another, the less canopy cover they would have because the two plants will fight for the same resources preventing them from reaching maximum growth. Prediction 1: If the two or more trees are closer than 0.5 meter from each other, the percentage of canopy cover will be less than 20%. Prediction 2: If the two or more trees are farther than 0.5 meter from each other, the canopy cover will be greater than 20%.  Methods: The tree data was collected at the Danby woodlot on the York University campus for all four data sets. Herbaceous plants – Two 25 metre transects were spread out in a straight line for a total measurement of 50 metres. Every two metres a quadrat was randomly placed while alternating right and left from the transect for a total of 25 replications. The total number of native plant species were estimated in the quadrat as well as exotic plants. The type of species known to be exotic and native were provided before the experiment was conducted. Also, the total number of flower heads in each quadrat were recorded and zeros were given when there were no plants or flowers present. This was performed with two individuals where one moved the quadrats according to the appropriate position and the other recorded the data present. Woody Plants - Two 25 metre transects were spread out in a straight line for a total measurement of 50 metres. The experimenters looked for a tree on either side of the transect that was within 0.5 metres for every two metres along the transect. A tree was considered to be any woody plant that was taller than 1.5 metres, however, some areas provided no trees or trees too short to count. These were given a value of zero in the data. The estimated canopy coverage was estimated at every two metres by looking up and providing a rough percentage of how the trees covered the immediate surrounding sight. The same methods were used to estimate the vegetative ground cover at these locations. Finally, the total number of flowers were also estimated within the 0.5 metre distance from the trans...

  12. YorkU.forest.oct5-2016.csv Figshare

    ID: doi:10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.3987360

    Release Date: 10-06-2016

    Description: ects visible in the soapy water of one single pan trap 1.5 hours after it had been set. Invertebrates were counted by sight. Any species with recognizable morphology of an invertebrate were considered. Any individuals not in the soapy water were excluded from the count. Pan traps used were of identical size and contained relatively equal volumes of soapy water. Abundance invertebrates sweeps: The total number of individuals taxonomically classified as an invertebrate that was visible in the sweep net after a swift and repetitive figure eight movement along a transect for 50m. Individuals were counted by sight. Any species with recognizable invertebrate morphology were considered. Abundance invertebrates observed: The total number of individuals taxonomically classified as an invertebrate that was visible within a 5m radius of a central location in the woodlot. Area was observed for 15 minutes. Individuals were counted by sight in that time. Any species with recognizable invertebrate morphology were considered. Cite description: Data was collected in the Danby Woodlot found outside of York University campus on a Wednesday of early October around 3:00pm. There was a clear sky, little to no wind and a temperature of 20oC. The woodlot consisted of a very shaded area containing many trees and vegetation. Twigs, leaves, branches and litter covered the ground. A grassland was nearby. A dispersed crowd of 18 York University students and one TA were walking within the area collecting different samples.   Hypothesis:We Hypothesized that the closer the trees are to one another, the less canopy cover they would have because the two plants will fight for the same resources preventing them from reaching maximum growth. Prediction 1: If the two or more trees are closer than 0.5 meter from each other, the percentage of canopy cover will be less than 20%. Prediction 2: If the two or more trees are farther than 0.5 meter from each other, the canopy cover will be greater than 20%.  Methods: The tree data was collected at the Danby woodlot on the York University campus for all four data sets. Herbaceous plants – Two 25 metre transects were spread out in a straight line for a total measurement of 50 metres. Every two metres a quadrat was randomly placed while alternating right and left from the transect for a total of 25 replications. The total number of native plant species were estimated in the quadrat as well as exotic plants. The type of species known to be exotic and native were provided before the experiment was conducted. Also, the total number of flower heads in each quadrat were recorded and zeros were given when there were no plants or flowers present. This was performed with two individuals where one moved the quadrats according to the appropriate position and the other recorded the data present. Woody Plants - Two 25 metre transects were spread out in a straight line for a total measurement of 50 metres. The experimenters looked for a tree on either side of the transect that was within 0.5 metres for every two metres along the transect. A tree was considered to be any woody plant that was taller than 1.5 metres, however, some areas provided no trees or trees too short to count. These were given a value of zero in the data. The estimated canopy coverage was estimated at every two metres by looking up and providing a rough percentage of how the trees covered the immediate surrounding sight. The same methods were used to estimate the vegetative ground cover at these locations. Finally, the total number of flowers were also estimated within the 0.5 metre distance from the trans...

  13. YorkuU.forest.oct5-2016.csv Figshare

    ID: doi:10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.3987360.V1

    Release Date: 10-06-2016

    Description: ects visible in the soapy water of one single pan trap 1.5 hours after it had been set. Invertebrates were counted by sight. Any species with recognizable morphology of an invertebrate were considered. Any individuals not in the soapy water were excluded from the count. Pan traps used were of identical size and contained relatively equal volumes of soapy water. Abundance invertebrates sweeps: The total number of individuals taxonomically classified as an invertebrate that was visible in the sweep net after a swift and repetitive figure eight movement along a transect for 50m. Individuals were counted by sight. Any species with recognizable invertebrate morphology were considered. Abundance invertebrates observed: The total number of individuals taxonomically classified as an invertebrate that was visible within a 5m radius of a central location in the woodlot. Area was observed for 15 minutes. Individuals were counted by sight in that time. Any species with recognizable invertebrate morphology were considered. Cite description: Data was collected in the Danby Woodlot found outside of York University campus on a Wednesday of early October around 3:00pm. There was a clear sky, little to no wind and a temperature of 20oC. The woodlot consisted of a very shaded area containing many trees and vegetation. Twigs, leaves, branches and litter covered the ground. A grassland was nearby. A dispersed crowd of 18 York University students and one TA were walking within the area collecting different samples.   Hypothesis:We Hypothesized that the closer the trees are to one another, the less canopy cover they would have because the two plants will fight for the same resources preventing them from reaching maximum growth. Prediction 1: If the two or more trees are closer than 0.5 meter from each other, the percentage of canopy cover will be less than 20%. Prediction 2: If the two or more trees are farther than 0.5 meter from each other, the canopy cover will be greater than 20%.  Methods: The tree data was collected at the Danby woodlot on the York University campus for all four data sets. Herbaceous plants – Two 25 metre transects were spread out in a straight line for a total measurement of 50 metres. Every two metres a quadrat was randomly placed while alternating right and left from the transect for a total of 25 replications. The total number of native plant species were estimated in the quadrat as well as exotic plants. The type of species known to be exotic and native were provided before the experiment was conducted. Also, the total number of flower heads in each quadrat were recorded and zeros were given when there were no plants or flowers present. This was performed with two individuals where one moved the quadrats according to the appropriate position and the other recorded the data present. Woody Plants - Two 25 metre transects were spread out in a straight line for a total measurement of 50 metres. The experimenters looked for a tree on either side of the transect that was within 0.5 metres for every two metres along the transect. A tree was considered to be any woody plant that was taller than 1.5 metres, however, some areas provided no trees or trees too short to count. These were given a value of zero in the data. The estimated canopy coverage was estimated at every two metres by looking up and providing a rough percentage of how the trees covered the immediate surrounding sight. The same methods were used to estimate the vegetative ground cover at these locations. Finally, the total number of flowers were also estimated within the 0.5 metre distance from the trans...

  14. L1000 Dataset -small molecule perturbagens- LINCS Phase 1 LINCS

    Data Type: Transcriptomics Transcriptional profile

    Assay: L1000 mRNA profiling assay

    Biological Process: Gene expression

    ID: LDS-1191

  15. L1000 gene expression profiling assay - DOS small molecule perturbagens LINCS

    Data Type: Transcriptomics Transcriptional profile

    Assay: L1000 mRNA profiling assay

    Biological Process: Gene expression

    ID: LDS-1194

    molecularEntity.name: N-[1-(4-bromophenyl)ethyl]cyclobutanecarboxamide
  16. Fluorescence imaging multiplex cytological profiling assay LINCS

    Data Type: Imaging Cytological profile

    Assay: Fluorescence imaging multiplex cytological profiling assay

    Biological Process: Cellular component organization

    ID: LDS-1195

    molecularEntity.name: N-[1-(4-bromophenyl)ethyl]cyclobutanecarboxamide
  17. Correlates of War Project: International and Civil War Data, 1816-1992 ICPSR

    ID: doi:10.3886/ICPSR09905.v1

    Description: al and civil wars for the years 1816-1992. Part 1, the International Wars file, describes the experience of each interstate member in each war. The unit of analysis is the participant in a particular conflict. When an...

    Creators: Singer, J. David Small, Melvin

  18. World Handbook of Political and Social Indicators III: 1948-1982 ICPSR

    ID: doi:10.3886/ICPSR07761.v2

    Description: osed of four files, one aggregate data file (Part 1), and three events data files including a daily events political data file (Part 2), an annual political events data file (Part 3), and a new quarterly political events data file (Part 4). The aggregate data file...

    Creators: Taylor, Charles Lewis Jodice, David A.

  19. National Longitudinal Surveys of Labor Market Experience, 1966-1992 ICPSR

    ID: doi:10.3886/ICPSR07610.v1

    Description: red within the surveys of each cohort include: (1) labor market experience variables (including labor force participation, unemployment, job history, and job mobility), (2) socioeconomic and human capital variables (including education, training, health and physical condition, marital and family characteristics, financial characteristics, and job attitudes), and (3) selected environmental variables (size of labor force and unemployment rates for local area). While the surveys of each cohort have collected data on the above core sets of variables, cohort-specific data have been gathered over the years focusing on the particular stage of labor market attachment that each g...

    Creators: Ohio State University. Center for Human Resource Research.


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