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Displaying 50 of 102,912 results for " "
  1. Data from: Moderation is best: effects of grazing intensity on plant-flower visitor networks in Mediterranean communities

    DateIssued: 08-04-2016

    Description: The structure of pollination networks is an important indicator of ecosystem stability and functioning. Livestock grazing is a frequent land use pract...

  2. Data from: Socially selected ornaments and fitness: signals of fighting ability in paper wasps are positively associated with survival, reproductive s...

    DateIssued: 11-21-2015

    Description: Many animals have ornaments that mediate choice and competition in social and sexual contexts. Individuals with elaborate sexual ornaments typically h...

  3. Data from: Species turnover (β diversity) in ectomycorrhizal fungi linked to NH4+ uptake capacity

    DateIssued: 02-29-2016

    Description: Ectomycorrhizal (EcM) fungal communities may be shaped by both deterministic and stochastic processes, potentially influencing ecosystem development a...

  4. Data from: Combining phylogenomic and supermatrix approaches, and a time-calibrated phylogeny for squamate reptiles (lizards and snakes) based on 52 g...

    DateIssued: 12-28-2015

    Description: Two common approaches for estimating phylogenies in species-rich groups are to: (i) sample many loci for few species (e.g. phylogenomic approach), or ...

  5. Data from: Ancient mitochondrial genomes clarify the evolutionary history of New Zealand’s enigmatic acanthisittid wrens

    DateIssued: 07-27-2016

    Description: The New Zealand acanthisittid wrens are the sister-taxon to all other “perching birds” (Passeriformes) and – including recently extinct species ...

  6. Data from: Vervet monkeys use paths consistent with context-specific spatial movement heuristics

    DateIssued: 10-28-2015

    Description: Animal foraging routes are analogous to the computationally demanding “traveling salesman problem” (TSP), where individuals must find the shortest...

  7. Data from: The selective myosin II inhibitor blebbistatin reversibly eliminates gastrovascular flow and stolon tip pulsations in the colonial hydroid ...

    DateIssued: 12-22-2015

    Description: Blebbistatin reversibly disrupted both stolon tip pulsations and gastrovascular flow in the colonial hydroid Podocoryna carnea. Epithelial longitudina...

  8. Data from: Continuous theta burst stimulation over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex decreases medium load working memory performance in healthy...

    DateIssued: 09-23-2015

    Description: The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) plays a key role in working memory. Evidence indicates that transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over th...

  9. Data from: Perceptual expertise in forensic facial image comparison

    DateIssued: 09-24-2015

    Description: Forensic facial identification examiners are required to match the identity of faces in images that vary substantially, owing to changes in viewing co...

  10. Data from: Novel genetic capacitors and potentiators for the natural genetic variation of sensory bristles and their trait-specificity in Drosophila

    DateIssued: 02-24-2016

    Description: Cryptic genetic variation (CGV) is defined as the genetic variation that has little effect on phenotypic variation under a normal condition, but contr...

  11. Data from: Lack of spatial immunogenetic structure among wolverine (Gulo gulo) populations suggestive of broad scale balancing selection

    DateIssued: 10-16-2015

    Description: Elucidating the adaptive genetic potential of wildlife populations to environmental selective pressures is fundamental for species conservation. Genes...

  12. Data from: Selection on bristle length has the ability to drive the evolution of male abdominal appendages in the sepsid fly Themira biloba

    DateIssued: 07-07-2016

    Description: Many exaggerated and novel traits are strongly influenced by sexual selection. Although sexual selection is a powerful evolutionary force, underlying ...

  13. Data from: Phylogenetic placement of the unusual jumping spider Depreissia Lessert, and a new synapomorphy uniting Hisponinae and Salticinae (Araneae,...

    DateIssued: 01-08-2016

    Description: The relationships of the unusual salticid spider Depreissia from central Africa and Borneo have been difficult to resolve, obscured by its highly modi...

  14. Data from: Regulatory RNA at the root of animals: dynamic expression of developmental lincRNAs in the calcisponge Sycon ciliatum

    DateIssued: 01-14-2016

    Description: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important regulatory roles during animal development, and it has been hypothesized that an RNA-based gene regulati...

  15. Data from: Phylogeographic pattern of range expansion provides evidence for cryptic species lineages in Silene nutans in Western Europe

    DateIssued: 03-09-2016

    Description: As a result of recent or past evolutionary processes, a single species might consist of distinct Evolutionary Significant Units (ESUs), even correspon...

  16. Data from: Estimating cranial musculoskeletal constraints in theropod dinosaurs

    DateIssued: 12-08-2015

    Description: Many inferences on the biology, behaviour and ecology of extinct vertebrates are based on the reconstruction of the musculature and rely considerably ...

  17. Data from: Camouflaged or tanned: plasticity in freshwater snail pigmentation

    DateIssued: 09-30-2015

    Description: By having phenotypically plastic traits, such as morphology, behaviour and life history, many organisms optimise their fitness in response to fluctuat...

  18. Data from: The evolution of bat nucleic acid sensing Toll-like receptors

    DateIssued: 02-26-2016

    Description: We characterized the nucleic acid sensing Toll-like receptors (TLR) of a New World bat species, the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus), and throug...

  19. Data from: Resource base influences genome-wide DNA methylation levels in wild baboons (Papio cynocephalus)

    DateIssued: 09-27-2016

    Description: Variation in resource availability commonly exerts strong effects on fitness-related traits in wild animals. However, we know little about the molecul...

  20. Data from: Conservation and modification of genetic and physiological toolkits underpinning diapause in bumble bee queens

    DateIssued: 02-24-2016

    Description: Diapause is the key adaptation allowing insects to survive unfavorable conditions and inhabit an array of environments. Physiological changes during d...

  21. Data from: Quantitative analysis of the ecological dominance of benthic disaster taxa in the aftermath of the end-Permian mass extinction

    DateIssued: 08-12-2016

    Description: The end-Permian mass extinction, the largest extinction of the Phanerozoic, led to a severe reduction in both taxonomic richness and ecological comple...

  22. Data from: Sex ratio variation shapes the ecological effects of a globally introduced freshwater fish

    DateIssued: 10-26-2015

    Description: Sex ratio and sexual dimorphism have long been of interest in population and evolutionary ecology, but consequences for communities and ecosystems rem...

  23. Data from: Influence of the larval phase on connectivity: strong differences in the genetic structure of brooders and broadcasters in the Ophioderma l...

    DateIssued: 02-29-2016

    Description: Closely related species with divergent life-history traits are excellent models to infer the role of such traits in genetic diversity and connectivity...

  24. Data from: Evolutionary radiations of Proteaceae are triggered by the interaction between traits and climates in open habitats

    DateIssued: 11-16-2016

    Description: Aim: Ecologically driven diversification can create spectacular diversity in both species numbers and form. However, the prediction that the match bet...

  25. Data from: Nature of the coupling between neural drive and force-generating capacity in the human quadriceps muscle

    DateIssued: 01-14-2016

    Description: The force produced by a muscle depends on both the neural drive it receives and several biomechanical factors. When multiple muscles act on a single j...

  26. Data from: Asplenium pifongiae (Aspleniaceae: Polypodiales), a new species from Taiwan

    DateIssued: 03-17-2016

    Description: We describe and illustrate a new species, Asplenium pifongia., currently known only from Taiwan. Although superficially similar to A. monanthe., this ...

  27. Data from: The divergence and positive selection of the plant-specific BURP-containing protein family

    DateIssued: 12-10-2015

    Description: BURP domain-containing proteins belong to a plant-specific protein family and have diverse roles in plant development and stress responses. However, o...

  28. Data from: Macroevolution of leaf defenses and secondary metabolites across the genus Helianthus

    DateIssued: 03-03-2016

    Description: Leaf defenses are widely recognized as key adaptations and drivers of plant evolution. Across environmentally diverse habitats, the macroevolution of ...

  29. Data from: Ground ice melt in the high Arctic leads to greater ecological heterogeneity

    DateIssued: 12-14-2015

    Description: 1. The polar desert biome of the Canadian high Arctic Archipelago is currently experiencing some of the greatest mean annual air temperature increases...

  30. Data from: Body size, swimming speed, or thermal sensitivity? Predator-imposed selection on amphibian larvae

    DateIssued: 11-04-2015

    Description: Background: Many animals rely on their escape performance during predator encounters. Because of its dependence on body size and temperature, escape v...

  31. Data from: The aggregate site frequency spectrum (aSFS) for comparative population genomic inference

    DateIssued: 02-29-2016

    Description: Understanding how assemblages of species responded to past climate change is a central goal of comparative phylogeography and comparative population g...

  32. Dimethylsulfoniopropionate, superoxide dismutase and glutathione as stress response indicators in three corals under short-term hyposalinity stress

    DateIssued: 06-03-2016

    Description: Corals are among the most active producers of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), a key molecule in marine sulfur cycling, yet the specific physiologic...

  33. Data from: Joint torques in a freely walking insect reveal distinct functions of leg joints in propulsion and posture control

    DateIssued: 08-31-2016

    Description: Determining the mechanical output of limb joints is critical for understanding the control of complex motor behaviours such as walking. In the case of...

  34. Data from: Artificial selection on introduced Asian haplotypes shaped the genetic architecture in European commercial pigs

    DateIssued: 12-28-2015

    Description: Early pig farmers in Europe imported Asian pigs to cross with their local breeds in order to improve traits of commercial interest. Current genomics t...

  35. Data from: Utility of geometric morphometrics for inferring feeding habit from mouthpart morphology in insects: tests with larval Carabidae (Insecta: ...

    DateIssued: 04-20-2016

    Description: Feeding habits are important life-history traits in animals; however, methods for their determination are not well established in many species. The la...

  36. Data from: Simulating the distribution of individual livestock farms and their populations in the united states: an example using domestic swine (Sus ...

    DateIssued: 11-20-2015

    Description: Livestock distribution in the United States (U.S.) can only be mapped at a county-level or worse resolution. We developed a spatial microsimulation mo...

  37. Data from: Wavelet domain radiofrequency pulse design applied to magnetic resonance imaging

    DateIssued: 10-30-2015

    Description: A new method for designing radiofrequency (RF) pulses with numerical optimization in the wavelet domain is presented. Numerical optimization may yield...

  38. Data from: New evidence for hybrid zones of forest and savanna elephants in Central and West Africa

    DateIssued: 02-29-2016

    Description: The African elephant consists of forest and savanna subspecies. Both subspecies are highly endangered due to severe poaching and habitat loss, and kno...

  39. Data from: Global mammal betadiversity show parallel assemblage structure in similar but isolated environments

    DateIssued: 02-28-2017

    Description: The taxonomic, phylogenetic and trait dimensions of betadiversity each provide unique insight into the importance of historical isolation and environm...

  40. Data from: Drift, not selection, shapes toll-like receptor variation among oceanic island populations

    DateIssued: 02-29-2016

    Description: Understanding the relative role of different evolutionary forces in shaping the level and distribution of functional genetic diversity among natural p...

  41. Data from: Do arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi stabilize litter-derived carbon in soil?

    DateIssued: 12-14-2015

    Description: 1. Fine roots and mycorrhiza often represent the largest input of carbon (C) into soils, and are therefore of primary relevance to the soil C balance....

  42. Data from: Environmental heterogeneity has a weak effect on diversity during community assembly in tallgrass prairie

    DateIssued: 03-14-2016

    Description: Understanding what constrains the persistence of species in communities is at the heart of community assembly theory and its application to conserving...

  43. Data from: Effect of winter cold duration on spring phenology of the orange tip butterfly, Anthocharis cardamines

    DateIssued: 12-10-2015

    Description: The effect of spring temperature on spring phenology is well understood in a wide range of taxa. However, studies on how winter conditions may affect ...

  44. Data from: The global antigenic diversity of swine influenza A viruses

    DateIssued: 05-04-2016

    Description: Swine influenza presents a substantial disease burden for pig populations worldwide and poses a potential pandemic threat to humans. There is consider...

  45. Data from: De novo sequencing and assembly of Azadirachta indica fruit transcriptome

    DateIssued: 10-13-2015

    Description: Azadirachta indica (neem) is a unique, versatile and important tree species. Many parts of the plant are traditionally used as pesticide, insecticide,...

  46. Data from: Ecology drives natural variation in an extreme antipredator trait: a cost-benefits analysis integrating modeling and field data

    DateIssued: 06-15-2016

    Description: Autotomy, or the voluntary shedding of body parts, is an extreme antipredator behaviour used by species in more than 100 animal families. Despite the ...

  47. Data from: Phylogeny of the polybotryoid fern clade (Dryopteridaceae)

    DateIssued: 11-18-2015

    Description: Premise of research. The polybotryoid fern clade is completely Neotropical and consists of Cyclodium, Maxonia, Olfersia, Polybotrya, and Polystichop...

  48. Data from: Temporal variation in antibiotic environments slows down resistance evolution in pathogenic Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    DateIssued: 12-15-2015

    Description: Antibiotic resistance is a growing concern to public health. New treatment strategies may alleviate the situation by slowing down the evolution of res...

  49. Data from: Characterizing driver-response relationships in marine pelagic ecosystems for improved ocean management

    DateIssued: 05-04-2016

    Description: Scientists and resources managers often use methods and tools that assume ecosystem components respond linearly to environmental drivers and human str...

  50. Data from: Human punishment is not primarily motivated by inequality

    DateIssued: 05-11-2017

    Description: Previous theorizing about punishment has suggested that humans desire to punish inequality per se. However, the research supporting such an interpreta...


Displaying 50 of 102,912 results for " "