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Title: Transcription profiling of mouse spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) reveals PU.1 a pleiotropic regulator expressed in the first embryonic stages with a crucial function in germinal progenitors      
availability:
available
aggregation:
instance of dataset
privacy:
not applicable
refinement:
curated
dateReleased:
05-01-2014
ID:
E-GEOD-11631
description:
In the adult mammalian testis, spermatogenic differentiation starts from a minute population of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). SSCs are generated after birth from the fetal gonocytes, themselves derived from the primordial germ cells (PGCs), which are specified during the first days after implantation. Transcriptome profiling of purified preparations evidenced the preferential accumulation in SSCs of transcripts of PU.1 (Sfpi1), a regulatory gene previously identified in hematopoietic progenitors. In situ immunolabeling and RNA determination showed a complex pattern of expression in the adult testis, first in SSCs and early spermatogonia followed by de novo expression in pachytene spermatocytes. Spermatogenesis in a null mutant (PU.1(G/G)) was arrested at the prenatal stage, with reduced numbers of gonocytes owing to a defect in proliferation already noticeable at E12.5. Transcripts of several germinal markers, including vasa (Mvh, Ddx4), Oct4 (Pou5f1), Dazl and Taf4b, were detected, whereas stella (PGC7, Dppa3) was not. Germ cells of PU.1(G/G) newborn testes grafted in nude mice did not initiate the postnatal replicative stage, whereas grafts of their wild-type littermates underwent complete spermatogenesis. During embryonic development, PU.1 transcription was initiated as early as the blastocyst stage, with a generalized expression at E6.5 in the embryonic ectoderm. PU.1 therefore appears to play a determinant role in at least two distinct lineages and, given its wide range of expression, possibly in other stem cells. Experiment Overall Design: Our starting point was the establishment of a transcriptome profile of purified preparations of SSCs, on the assumption that crucial genes would appear among those expressed at elevated levels in the stem cells. Work on adult SSCs is made difficult by their small number. We previously reported an efficient procedure, in which a truncated version of the Stra8 promoter is used to express in SSCs a neutral heterologous surface protein including two domains of the human CD4 antigen (huCD4) (Giuili et al., 2002). Once fractionated by immunomagnetic sorting, the huCD4-positive fraction is homogeneous for the expression of known SSC markers and highly efficient in the colonization of a sterile recipient.
keywords:
transcription profiling by array
format:
HTML
storedIn:
Array Express
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not compressed
accessType:
landing page
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none
authentication:
none
primary:
true
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/experiments/E-GEOD-11631
format:
JSON
storedIn:
OmicsDI
qualifier:
not compressed
accessType:
download
authorization:
none
authentication:
none
primary:
false
accessURL: www.omicsdi.org/ws/dataset/arrayexpress-repository/E-GEOD-11631.json
format:
XML
storedIn:
OmicsDI
qualifier:
not compressed
accessType:
download
authorization:
none
authentication:
none
primary:
false
accessURL: http://www.omicsdi.org/ws/dataset/arrayexpress-repository/E-GEOD-11631.xml
ID:
SCR:014747
name:
Omics Discovery Index
abbreviation:
OmicsDI
homePage: http://www.omicsdi.org/