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Title: Transcription profiling by array of human Jurkat-CCR5 cells infected with HIV-1 and HIV-2 to investigate specific miRNA modulations      
availability:
available
aggregation:
instance of dataset
privacy:
not applicable
refinement:
curated
dateReleased:
05-02-2014
ID:
E-MEXP-3139
description:
HIV-1 and HIV-2 are two etiological agents of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Several differences exist between these two retroviruses in terms of geographical distribution, replication, transmission and progression to AIDS. The molecular reasons explaining these features are largely unknown. One reason could rely on host factors able to differently counteract HIV replication. Among these factors, cellular microRNAs (miRNAs) have recently emerged as playing crucial roles. One aspect of the complex interplay between HIV and host miRNAs is the ability of HIV-1 to modulate host miRNAs and thereby to create favorable conditions for its replication. Here, we sought to compare the miRNA modulations elicited by HIV-1 and HIV-2 using an unbiased experimental strategy based on miRNA arrays. Surprisingly, we observed that these two unrelated HIVs similarly modulated the host miRNA repertoire, when utilizing CD4 and CXCR4 for entry. However, these modulations were different from the changes triggered by HIV-1 using CD4 and CCR5. In accordance with the mode of action of miRNAs, our observations were confirmed at the mRNA level. We concluded that co-receptor utilization (CXCR4 or CCR5), as opposed to genomic organization and phylogeny, is a key event determining the modulations of the host miRNA repertoire.
keywords:
transcription profiling by array
format:
HTML
storedIn:
Array Express
qualifier:
not compressed
accessType:
landing page
authorization:
none
authentication:
none
primary:
true
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/experiments/E-MEXP-3139
format:
JSON
storedIn:
OmicsDI
qualifier:
not compressed
accessType:
download
authorization:
none
authentication:
none
primary:
false
accessURL: www.omicsdi.org/ws/dataset/arrayexpress-repository/E-MEXP-3139.json
format:
XML
storedIn:
OmicsDI
qualifier:
not compressed
accessType:
download
authorization:
none
authentication:
none
primary:
false
accessURL: http://www.omicsdi.org/ws/dataset/arrayexpress-repository/E-MEXP-3139.xml
ID:
SCR:014747
name:
Omics Discovery Index
abbreviation:
OmicsDI
homePage: http://www.omicsdi.org/