Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: Head Start Impact Study (HSIS), 2002-2006 [United States]      
dateReleased:
04-08-2015
downloadURL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR29462.v5
ID:
doi:10.3886/ICPSR29462.v5
description:
Since its beginning in 1965 as a part of the War on Poverty, Head Start's goal has been to boost the school readiness of low income children. Based on a "whole child" model, the program provides comprehensive services that include preschool education; medical, dental, and mental health care; nutrition services; and efforts to help parents foster their child's development. Head Start services are designed to be responsive to each child's and family's ethnic, cultural, and linguistic heritage. In the 1998 reauthorization of Head Start, Congress mandated that the United States Department of Health and Human Services determine, on a national level, the impact of Head Start on the children it serves. This legislative mandate required that the impact study address two main research questions: What difference does Head Start make to key outcomes of development and learning (and in particular, the multiple domains of school readiness) for low-income children? What difference does Head Start make to parental practices that contribute to children's school readiness? Under what circumstances does Head Start achieve the greatest impact? What works for which children? What Head Start services are most related to impact? The Head Start Impact Study addresses these questions by reporting on the impacts of Head Start on children and families during the children's preschool, kindergarten, and first grade years. It was conducted with a nationally representative sample of nearly 5,000 three- and four-year old preschool children across 84 nationally representative grantee/delegate agencies in communities where there are more eligible children and families than can be served by the program. The children participating were randomly assigned to either a treatment group (which had access to Head Start services) or a comparison group (which did not have access to Head Start services, but could receive other community resources). Data collection began in the fall of 2002 and ended in spring 2006, following children through the spring of their first grade year. Baseline data were collected through parent interviews and child assessments in fall 2002. The annual spring data collection included child assessments, parent interviews, teacher surveys, and teacher-child ratings. In addition, during the preschool years only, data collection included classroom and family day care observations, center director interviews, care provider interviews, and care prov ider-child ratings. The study examined differences in outcomes in several domains related to school readiness: children's cognitive, social-emotional, health, and parenting outcomes (e.g., reading to the child, use of spanking and time out, exposing children to cultural enrichment activities, safety practices, parent-child relationships). It also examined whether impacts differed based on characteristics of the children and their families, including the child's pre-academic skills at the beginning of the study; the child's primary language; whether the child has special needs; the mother's race/ethnicity; the primary caregiver's level of depressive symptoms; household risk; and urban or rural location. The Head Start Impact Study differs from other evaluations of early childhood programs in that it: represents children from the majority of Head Start programs, represents a scaled-up federal program, represents the full range of quality within the national program, employs a randomized control design, the strongest design for testing impacts, examines all domains of children's school readiness, as well as parenting outcomes, follows children through their early years of elementary school, and compares children who have access to Head Start to a control group that includes many children in center-based and other forms of early childhood education programs.
description:
United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, 2015, "Head Start Impact Study (HSIS), 2002-2006 [United States]", http://dx.doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR29462.v5
name:
United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
homePage: http://www.harvard.edu/
name:
Harvard University
ID:
SCR:011273
abbreviation:
DataVerse
homePage: http://thedata.org/
name:
Dataverse Network Project
ID:
SCR:001997