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Title: Specific myelomonocytic cells heavily infiltrate orthotopic lung tumors and display a hypoxia-driven micro-RNA expression signature that directs tumor-supporting functions and negatively impacts on clinical outcome      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA336015
description:
Targeting immunomodulatory pathways has ushered a new era in lung cancer therapy. Further progress requires deeper insights into the nature and dynamics of immune cells in the lung cancer micro-environment. Dendritic cells (DCs) represent a heterogenous and highly plastic immune cell system with a central role in controlling immune responses. The intratumoral infiltration and activation status of DCs emerge as clinically relevant parameters in lung cancer. In this study we used an orthotopic preclinical model of lung cancer to interrogate the transcriptome of lung tumor-infiltrating DCs and extract novel biologically and clinically relevant information. Lung tumor-infiltrating leukocytes expressing generic DC markers were found to predominantly consist of CD11b+ cells which, compared to peritumoral lung DC counterparts, strongly over-express the T cell inhibitory molecule PD-L1 and acquire classic markers of tumor-supporting macrophages (TAM) on their surface. Transcriptome analysis of these CD11b+ tumor-infiltrating DCs (TIDCs) indicates impaired anti-tumoral immunogenicity, confirms the skewing towards TAM-related features, and indicates exposure to a hypoxic environment. In paralled, TIDCs display a specific micro-RNA signature dominated by the prototypical lung cancer oncomir miR-31. Hypoxia was found to drive intrinsic miR-31 expression in CD11b+DCs. Conditioned medium of mir-31-overexpressing CD11b+DCs induces pro-invasive lung cancer cell shape changes and is enriched with the pro-metastatic factors S100A8 and S100A9. Finally, analysis of TCGA datasets reveals that the TIDC-associated miRNA signature has a negative prognostic impact in non-small cell lung cancer. Together, these data suggest a novel mechanism through which lung cancer co-opts the plasticity of the DC system to support tumoral progression. Targeting immunomodulatory pathways has ushered a new era in lung cancer therapy. Further progress requires deeper insights into the nature and dynamics of immune cells in the lung cancer micro-environment. Dendritic cells (DCs) represent a heterogenous and highly plastic immune cell system with a central role in controlling immune responses. The intratumoral infiltration and activation status of DCs emerge as clinically relevant parameters in lung cancer. In this study we used an orthotopic preclinical model of lung cancer to interrogate the transcriptome of lung tumor-infiltrating DCs and extract novel biologically and clinically relevant information. Lung tumor-infiltrating leukocytes expressing generic DC markers were found to predominantly consist of CD11b+ cells which, compared to peritumoral lung DC counterparts, strongly over-express the T cell inhibitory molecule PD-L1 and acquire classic markers of tumor-supporting macrophages (TAM) on their surface. Transcriptome analysis of these CD11b+ tumor-infiltrating DCs (TIDCs) indicates impaired anti-tumoral immunogenicity, confirms the skewing towards TAM-related features, and indicates exposure to a hypoxic environment. In paralled, TIDCs display a specific micro-RNA signature dominated by the prototypical lung cancer oncomir miR-31. Hypoxia was found to drive intrinsic miR-31 expression in CD11b+DCs. Conditioned medium of mir-31-overexpressing CD11b+DCs induces pro-invasive lung cancer cell shape changes and is enriched with the pro-metastatic factors S100A8 and S100A9. Finally, analysis of TCGA datasets reveals that the TIDC-associated miRNA signature has a negative prognostic impact in non-small cell lung cancer. Together, these data suggest a novel mechanism through which lung cancer co-opts the plasticity of the DC system to support tumoral progression. Overall design: Orthotopic model of lung cancer by inoculating Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cells into the airways of immunocompetent syngeneic C57BL/6 hosts were used to study the transcriptomic differences between tumoral and peritumoral tissue.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA336015
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
name:
Mus musculus
ncbiID:
ncbitax:10090
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject