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Title: In vivo long-term experience evolution of Escherichia coli : Using long-term experimental evolution to uncover the patterns and determinants of molecular evolution of an Escherichia coli natural isolate, in the streptomycin treated mouse gut.      
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ID:
PRJEB14102
description:
Though microbial ecology of the gut is now a major focus of interest, little is known about the molecular determinants of microbial adaptation in the gut. Experimental evolution coupled with whole genome sequencing can provide insights of the adaptive process. In vitro experiments have revealed some conserved patterns: intermediate convergence, epistatic interactions between beneficial mutations and mutations in global regulators. To test the relevance of these patterns and to identify the selective pressures acting in vivo, we have performed a long-term adaptation of an E. coli natural isolate, the streptomycin resistant strain 536, in the digestive tract of streptomycin treated mice. After a year of evolution, a clone from 15 replicates was sequenced. Consistently with in vitro observations, the identified mutations revealed a strong pattern of convergence at the mutation, gene, operon and functional level. Yet, the rate of molecular evolution was lower than in in vitro and no mutations in global regulators were recovered. More specific targets were observed: the dgo operon, involved in the galactonate pathway that improved growth on D-galactonate, and rluD and gidB, implicated in the maturation of the ribosomes, which mutations improved growth only in the presence of streptomycin. As in vitro, the nonrandom associations of mutations within the same pathways suggested a role of epistasis in shaping the adaptive landscape. Overall, we observed that strain 536 was well adapted to the mouse gut, and that its slow adaptation could be used to uncover the specific selective pressures of that environment
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJEB14102
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abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject