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Title: A broad RNA virus survey reveals dependence on host miRNAs and specific sequestration modulating the cellular transcriptome      
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ID:
PRJNA309153
description:
Small non-coding RNAs have emerged as key players in modulation of viral infection. A unique example is the critical dependence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) on the liver-specific microRNA (miRNA), miR-122, which has surfaced as therapeutic target. Here, we used crosslinking immunoprecipitation (CLIP) of the Argonaute (AGO) protein to characterize strengths and specificities of miRNA interactions across 15 viral genomes. Intriguingly, replication of pestiviruses, which are major threats to milk and meat industry, critically depends on cellular miR-17 and let-7 interactions with the viral 3’UTR. Like HCV, miRNA binding enhanced translation and prevented viral RNA degradation. On the cellular transcriptome, pestiviral miR-17 sequestration in vitro and ex vivo conferred reduced AGO binding and functional mRNA de-repression for miR-17 targets. These findings generalize the concept of RNA virus dependence on cellular miRNAs, highlight such interactions as therapeutic targets, and connect functional regulation of the transcriptome in primary cells to miRNA sequestration. Overall design: Several subseries of analyses were performed. For each sample, subseries to which it belongs are indicated. In the “Virus AGO-CLIP” subseries, AGO-CLIP was performed on cells infected with virus as indicated. Processed reads were aligned to the host genome (hg18 or BosTau7) and to the respective viral genome. The primary data of interest from this subseries concerns AGO binding to viral RNA, and is given as processed data file “Table S1”. In the “Virus AGO-CLIP: BVDV vs. Mock” subseries, AGO-CLIP was performed on four replicates each of BVDV and mock infected MDBK cells. CLIP reads aligned to BosTau7 were clustered, and differential analysis was performed on binding to each cluster. In addition, differential analysis of AGO bound miRNAs was performed. The associated data is given as processed data file “Table S3 and S4”. In the “AGO-CLIP: tinyLNA-17 vs. Mock” AGO-CLIP was performed on four replicates each of tinyLNA-17 and mock treated MDBK cells. CLIP reads aligned to BosTau7 were clustered, and differential analysis was performed on binding to each cluster. The associated data is given as processed data file “Table S5”. In the “RNA-seq: BVDV vs. Mock” subseries, mRNA-seq was performed on two replicates each of MDBK cells infected with different biotypes of BVDV or with miR-17 seed site mutant BVDV. The latter (incl. mock controls) were trans-complemented with the corresponding mutated miR-17. Differential gene expression analysis was performed between selected conditions. The associated data is given as processed data file “Table S6”.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA309153
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authorization:
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ID:
pmid:26962949
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject