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Title: Nrf2 suppresses macrophage inflammatory response by blocking proinflammatory cytokine transcription      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA290721
description:
Nrf2 (NF-E2-related factor-2) transcription factor regulates oxidative/xenobiotic stress response and also represses inflammation. However, the mechanisms how Nrf2 alleviates inflammation are still unclear. Here, we demonstrate that Nrf2 interferes with lipopolysaccharide-induced transcriptional upregulation of proinflammatory cytokines, including IL-6 and IL-1β. ChIP-seq and ChIP-qPCR analyses revealed that Nrf2 binds to the proximity of these genes in macrophages and inhibits RNA Pol II recruitment. Further, we found that Nrf2-mediated inhibition is independent of the Nrf2 binding motif and reactive oxygen species level. Murine inflammatory models further demonstrated that Nrf2 interferes with IL6 induction and inflammatory phenotypes in vivo. Thus, contrary to the widely accepted view that Nrf2 suppresses inflammation through redox control, we demonstrate here that Nrf2 opposes transcriptional upregulation of proinflammatory cytokine genes. This study identifies Nrf2 as the upstream regulator of cytokine production and establishes a molecular basis for an Nrf2-mediated anti-inflammation approach. Overall design: Gene expression in BMDMs obtained from wild-type and Keap1-CKO mice. In Keap1-CKO (Keap1 flox/flox::LysM-Cre) BMDMs, Nrf2 transcription factor is activated due to Keap1-deficiency. BMDMs were obtained by a culture of bone marrow cells in the presence of M-CSF for7 days. M1-activated BMDMs were obtained by stimulation with LPS and IFNg for 6 hours, while M2-activated BMDMs were obtained by a stimulation with IL-4 for 6 hours. Two independent BMDM cultures were performed, and each experiment contains samples obtained from one wild-type and one Keap1-CKO mice, respectively.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA290721
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:27211851
name:
Mus musculus
ncbiID:
ncbitax:10090
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject