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Title: TH2 cytokines promote tumor progression via regulating cathepsin secretion in tumor-associated macrophages      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA289209
description:
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) have emerged as prominent cells within the tumor microenvironment playing critical roles in extracellular matrix remodeling, tumor cell proliferation and invasion, angiogenesis, and metastasis. Cathepsin proteases, produced by tumor cells and TAMs, have been demonstrated to mediate these processes, but it still remains unclear how these typically lysosomal enzymes are capable of executing their functions in the extracellular space. Here we identify a novel interaction between STAT6 and STAT3 that potently upregulates cathepsin secretion in macrophages in response to TH2 cytokine stimulation. Systematic gene expression analyses reveal that the TH2 cytokine IL-4 synergizes with IL-6 or IL-10 to activate the IRE1α/ XBP1 axis of the unfolded protein response. Pharmacological inhibition of the IRE1α axis blunts cathepsin secretion in macrophages and blocks macrophage-mediated tumor cell invasion. Finally, we show that genetic ablation of either STAT6 or STAT3 signaling impairs tumor development and invasion. Thus, these findings demonstrate that TH2 cytokine-mediated STAT6 and STAT3 activation in macrophages promotes a professional secretory phenotype capable of enhancing tumor cell invasion in a cathepsin-dependent manner. Overall design: Murine bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) were cultured in DMEM + 10% FBS + CSF-1 (10 ng/ml) and stimulated with IL-4 (n=5, 10 ng/ml), IL-6 (n=5, 10 ng/ml), IL-10 (n=3, 10 ng/ml), IL-4+IL-6 (n=5, 10 ng/ml each), IL-4+IL-10 (n=3 10 ng/ml each) or left unstimulated (n=8) for 24 hours. RNA was then isolated and gene expression analyses were performed.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA289209
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
name:
Mus musculus
ncbiID:
ncbitax:10090
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject