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Title: Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling reveals epigenetic changes in the rat nucleus accumbens associated with cross-generational effects of adolescent THC exposure      
keywords:
Epigenomics
ID:
PRJNA287327
description:
Drug exposure during critical periods of development is known to have lasting effects, increasing one’s risk for developing mental health disorders. Emerging evidence has also indicated the possibility for drug exposure to even impact subsequent generations. Our previous work demonstrated that adolescent exposure to Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive component of marijuana (Cannabis sativa), in a Long-Evans rat model affects reward-related behavior and gene regulation in the subsequent (F1) generation unexposed to the drug. Questions, however, remained regarding potential epigenetic consequences. In the current study, using the same rat model, we employed Enhanced Reduced Representation Bisulfite Sequencing to interrogate the epigenome of the nucleus accumbens, a key brain area involved in reward processing. This analysis compared 16 animals with parental-THC exposure and 16 without to characterize relevant systems-level changes in DNA methylation. We identified 1,027 differentially methylated regions (DMRs) associated with parental THC exposure in F1 adults, each represented by multiple CpGs. These DMRs fell predominantly within introns, exons, and intergenic intervals, while showing a significant depletion in gene promoters. From these, we identified a network of DMR-associated genes involved in glutamatergic synaptic regulation, which also exhibited altered mRNA expression in the nucleus accumbens. These data provide novel insight into drug-related cross-generational epigenetic effects, and serve as a useful resource for investigators to explore novel neurobiological systems underlying drug abuse vulnerability. Overall design: Study consisted of a total of 32 F1 individuals (Long-Evan rats); 16 animals (8 female, 8 male) were offspring from THC-exposed parents, and the remaining 16 animals (8 female, 8 male) were offspring from saline-exposed parents ("controls"; "VEH-exposed").
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA287327
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:26044905
name:
Rattus norvegicus
ncbiID:
ncbitax:10116
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject