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Title: Widespread exon-skipping triggers degradation by nuclear RNA surveillance in fission yeast : Interrogation of the S. pombe transcriptome using strand specific RNA sequencing (polyA enriched,ribosomal depleted total RNA). A total of 116 transcriptomes were interrogated in the study with the aim to identify exon-skipping events. Expression level summaries were not computed. Only exon-exon junction and exon-skipping diagnostic reads were used throughout. The vast majority (110/116) of transcriptomes are published and available elsewhere, while only 6 transcriptomes were sequenced here: two biological repeats of dhp1-ts and prp2-ts, a single wild-type strain and a single transcription compromised strain - nmt1-rpb4. Note that growth and library construction protocols varied across the samples.      
keywords:
Other
ID:
PRJEB7379
description:
Exon-skipping is considered a principal mechanism by which eukaryotic cells expand their transcriptome and proteome repertoires, creating different splice variants with distinct cellular functions. Here we analyze RNA-seq data from 116 transcriptomes in fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe), covering multiple physiological conditions as well as transcriptional and RNA processing mutants. We applied brute-force algorithms to detect all possible exon-skipping events, which were widespread but rare compared to normal splicing events. Exon-skipping events increased in cells deficient for the nuclear exosome or the 5’-3’ exonuclease Dhp1, and also at late stages of meiotic differentiation when nuclear-exosome transcripts decreased. The pervasive exon-skipping transcripts were stochastic, did not increase in specific physiological conditions, and were mostly present at below 1 copy per cell, even in the absence of nuclear RNA surveillance and late during meiosis. These exon-skipping transcripts are therefore unlikely to be functional and may reflect splicing errors that are actively removed by nuclear RNA surveillance. The average splicing rate by exon-skipping was ~0.24% in wild-type and ~1.75% in nuclear exonuclease mutants. We also detected ~250 circular RNAs derived from single or multiple exons. These circular RNAs were rare and stochastic, although a few became stabilized during quiescence and in splicing mutants. Using an exhaustive search algorithm, we also uncovered thousands of previously unknown splice sites, indicating pervasive splicing, yet most of these splicing variants were cryptic and increased in nuclear degradation mutants. This study highlights widespread, but low frequency alternative or aberrant splicing events which are targeted by nuclear RNA surveillance.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJEB7379
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authorization:
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dateReleased:
03-24-2015
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject