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Title: Profile of gene expression in U87-MG xenografts expressing control vector (V0), the ubiquitin ligase KPC1 or the p50 subunit of the NF-kB transcription factor, using RNASeq analysis of transcripts mapped independently to the human and murine genomes      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA258473
description:
Purpose: We identified KPC1 as the ubiquitin ligase that binds to the p105 precursor of NF-kB, ubiquitinates it and mediates its proteasomal processing to generate the p50 active subunit of the transcription factor. Using U87-MG human glioblastoma xenografts, we observed that overexpression of KPC1 results in strong inhibition of tumor growth mediated via excessive generation of p50.The goal of this RNASeq study was to analyze the profile of gene expression in xenografts overexpressing control (V0), KPC1 or p50 vectors, and to further understand how the altered gene expression patterns can explain the tumor suppressive effect we observed. Results:Transcript analysis of U87-MG xenografts overexpressing control (V0), KPC1 or p50 vector mapped to the human genome revealed: • A strong similarity between overexpression of p50 and KPC1 (correlation of 0.51, p-value<10-300 ) • A specific signature of NF-kB targets [21 of the consistently changed genes are known to be regulated by NF-kB (p-value<3.4×10-9 )] • A significant (p-value<1.4×10-18) increase in the expression of 40 tumor suppressor genes, with no significant change in other classes. • A significant down regulation of a cluster of genes including LIN28B, IL-6, HMAGA2 and VEGFA. This finding links well to an established regulatory axis involving LIN28B, Let-7 microRNA, and IL-6 in inflammation and cell transformation that is regulated by NF-kB. Overall design: Exponentially growing U87-MG cells were stably transfected with an empty vector (V0) or vectors coding for Myc-KPC1 or Flag-p50. Cells were dissociated with trypsin, washed with PBS, and brought to a concentration of 50×10^6 cells/ml. Cell suspension (5×10^6/0.1 ml) was inoculated subcutaneously at the right flank of 7-weeks old male Balb/C nude mice (n=7). Following 21 days, mRNA from U87-MG xenografts was isolated using an RNA purification kit, and analyzed using the Illumina HiSeq 2500 sequencer. The RNASeq analysis experiment was repeated twice independently. Run1 included a total of 7 samples. Samples 1-3 were isolated from V0 – control tumors (3 different tumors), samples 4-5 were isolated from KPC1-expressing tumors (2 different pools of 3 tumors each due to small tumor size), and samples 6-7 were isolated from p50-expressing tumors for (2 different pools of 2-3 tumors each, due to very small tumor size). Run2 included a total of 5 samples. Samples 8-10 were isolated from V0 (control) tumors (3 different tumors), samples 11-12 were isolated from KPC1 tumors (2 different pools of 3 tumors each due to small tumor size). Several repeated attempts to extract RNA from the p50-expressing tumors did not yield any results, as the tumors were miniscule.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA258473
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:25860612
name:
Homo sapiens
ncbiID:
ncbitax:9606
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject