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Title: TNFα Signaling Exposes Latent Estrogen Receptor Binding Sites in Breast Cancer Cells [GRO-seq]      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA255508
description:
The interplay between mitogenic and proinflammatory signaling pathways play key roles in determining the phenotypes and clinical outcomes of breast cancers. We have used global nuclear run-on coupled with deep sequencing to characterize the immediate transcriptional responses of MCF-7 breast cancer cells treated with estradiol, TNFα, or both. In addition, we have integrated these data with chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with deep sequencing for estrogen receptor alpha (ERα), the pioneer factor FoxA1 and the p65 subunit of the NF-κB transcription factor. Our results indicate extensive transcriptional interplay between these two signaling pathways, which is observed for a number of classical mitogenic and proinflammatory protein-coding genes. In addition, GRO-seq has allowed us to capture the transcriptional crosstalk at the genomic locations encoding for long non-coding RNAs, a poorly characterized class of RNAs which have been shown to play important roles in cancer outcomes. The synergistic and antagonistic interplay between estrogen and TNFα signaling at the gene level is also evident in the patterns of ERα and NF-κB binding, which relocalize to new binding sites that are not occupied by either treatment alone. Interestingly, the chromatin accessibility of classical ERα binding sites is predetermined prior to estrogen treatment, whereas ERα binding sites gained upon co-treatment with TNFα require NF-κB and FoxA1 to promote chromatin accessibility de novo. Our data suggest that TNFα signaling recruits FoxA1 and NF-κB to latent ERα enhancer locations and directly impact ERα enhancer accessibility. Binding of ERα to latent enhancers upon co-treatment, results in increased enhancer transcription, target gene expression and altered cellular response. This provides a mechanistic framework for understanding the molecular basis for integration of mitogenic and proinflammatory signaling in breast cancer. Overall design: Using GRO-seq and ChIP-seq (ER, FoxA1 and p65) to assay the molecular crosstalk of MCF-7 cells treated with E2, TNFα or both E2+TNFα.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA255508
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:25752574
name:
Homo sapiens
ncbiID:
ncbitax:9606
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject