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Title: Inhibition of Met results in concomitant inhibition of Akt and STAT3 signaling pathways, while abrogation of negative feedback permits Erk reactivation      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA237003
description:
Amplification and activation of the Met receptor tyrosine kinase occurs up to 23% of gastric cancers, suggesting that Met is a therapeutic target in these cancers. However, the steady-state signaling events that occur during chronic Met activation, and mechanisms for resistance to Met small-molecule inhibitors, are poorly understood. Here we show that multiple gastric cancer cell lines harboring MET amplifications are dependent on Met signaling for proliferation and anchorage-independent growth. In these cells, short-term inhibition of Met leads to coordinated changes in gene expression; these include a rapid loss in expression of immediate-early genes, followed by decreased expression of genes involved in cell cycle and proliferation. Activation of Ras-Erk, PI3K-Akt and STAT3 pathways is attenuated by acute Met inhibition. STAT3 inhibition alone, but not individual inhibition of Mek or Akt, is sufficient to abrogate Met-dependent growth of these cells. However, following chronic Met inhibition, reactivation of Mek-dependent Erk phosphorylation occurs even in the presence of Met inhibitor corresponding with a downregulation of Erk negative regulators DUSP4/6. This provides a mechanism for the emergence of drug resistance. Our findings provide insights into innate resistance to a small-molecule Met inhibitor and highlight rational combination therapies that could be evaluated in clinical trials. Overall design: Time series experiment, four cell lines, 2 treatments
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA237003
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:24757178
name:
Homo sapiens
ncbiID:
ncbitax:9606
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject