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Title: Influence of isolation procedure and storage condition on the ex vivo gene expression pattern in peripheral human effector/memory T helper lymphocytes      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA236031
description:
Gene expression profiling of cells isolated ex vivo is a unique tool to assess gene expression in vivo. Exemplified for CD4+CD45RO+ effector/memory T helper (T E/M) lymphocytes of human peripheral blood, we have analyzed different isolation procedures and storage conditions for the introduction of bias. Overall design: Cells from clinical samples can be sorted to high purity by a flow cytometric sorter and assessed for their gene expression pattern but storage/shipping conditions and often necessary pre-enrichment due to low initial population frequencies bears the danger of introducing artificial changes. To test for changes introduced by different procedures, cells were enriched either by magnetic cell sorting (MACS) with Whole-Blood CD4 beads, density gradient centrifugation, alone or in combination with CD3 MACS, or by lysis of erythrocytes followed by MACS depletion of CD15+ cells prior to fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) as CD3+CD4+CD45RO+ cells. A total of 7 different protocols were compared among each other and to T cells stimulated for 3 hours after isolation with Phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate and Ionomycin (PMA/Iono). Preparation-induced de novo transcription was blocked in one of the protocols by addition of 2 µg/ml Actinomycin D (ActD). To test for changes introduced by delays in sample preparation blood samples were drawn and either processed directly or kept at 4 °C or room temperature (RT) for 2 or 6 hours before T E/M cells were isolated. Gene expression was compared among the various cell preparations and to T E/M cells isolated from 1 day old buffy coat fractions stored at RT. Sorted cells were lysed in TRIzol (Invitrogen) and frozen at -80°C until used for RNA extraction. Total RNA was extracted using the miRNeasy kit (Qiagen). The integrity and amount of isolated RNA was assessed for each sample using an Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer (Agilent, Waldbronn, Germany) and a NanoDrop ND-1000 spectrophotometer (NanoDrop Technologies, Wilmington, DE). Double-stranded complementary RNA was synthesized from 1 µg total RNA using Message AmpII Biotin (Ambion, USA). Fifteen micrograms of fragmented cRNA of each sample were hybridized to 26 HG-U133A plus 2.0 GeneChips (Affymetrix). Hybridization was performed in a Hybridization Oven 640, and chips were washed and stained in the Fluidics Station 400 (both Affymetrix). Finally, the arrays were scanned with a GeneChip Scanner 3000 using the GCOS software, version 1.4, both Affymetrix. All relevant GCOS data of quality checked microarrays were analyzed with High Performance Chip Data Analysis (HPCDA, unpublished), using the BioRetis database (www.bioretis-analysis.de), as described and validated previously.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA236031
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
name:
Homo sapiens
ncbiID:
ncbitax:9606
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject