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Title: The loop position of shRNAs and pre-miRNAs is critical for the accuracy of Dicer processing in vivo      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA176460
description:
Short-hairpin RNA (shRNA)-induced RNAi is used for biological discovery and therapeutics. Dicer, whose normal role is to liberate endogenous miRNAs from their precursors, processes shRNAs into different biologically active siRNAs, affecting their efficacy and potential for off-targeting. We found that in cells, Dicer induced imprecise cleavage events around the expected sites based on the previously described 5'/3'-counting rules. These promiscuous non-canonical cleavages were abrogated when the cleavage site was positioned 2 nt from a bulge or loop. Interestingly, we observed that the ~1/3 of mammalian endogenous pre-miRNAs that contained such structures were more precisely processed by Dicer. Implementing a new "loop-counting rule", we designed potent anti-HCV shRNAs with substantially reduced off-target effects. Our results suggest that Dicer recognizes the loop/bulge structure in addition to the ends of shRNAs/pre-miRNAs for accurate processing. This has important implications for both miRNA processing and future design of shRNAs for RNAi-based genetic screens and therapies. Overall design: Various shRNAs were expressed in Cell and processed by the RNase III enzyme Dicer. The profiles of the siRNA products were generated by deep sequencing with or without the Ago2-IP.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA176460
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:23141545
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject