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Title: Deregulated sex chromosome gene expression with male germ cell-specific loss of Dicer1 (gene array data)      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA169164
description:
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous, non-coding RNAs that mediate post-transcriptional gene silencing by inhibiting mRNA translation and promoting mRNA decay. DICER1, an RNAse III endonuclease encoded by Dicer1, is required for processing short 21-22 nucleotide miRNAs from longer double-stranded RNA precursors. Here, we investigate the loss of Dicer1 in mouse postnatal male germ cells to determine how disruptions in the miRNA biogenesis pathway may contribute to infertility. Reduced levels of Dicer1 transcripts and DICER1 were confirmed in germ cell knock-out (GCKO) testes by postnatal day 18 (P18). Compared to wild-type (WT) at 8 weeks, GCKO males had no change in body weight, yet showed significant reductions in testis mass and sperm number. Histology and fertility tests confirmed spermatogenic failure in GCKO males. Array analyses at P18 showed 96% of miRNA genes were down-regulated and 37% of protein-coding genes were differentially expressed in GCKO testes. Interestingly, we observed preferential overexpression of genes on the sex chromosomes in GCKO testes, with more than 80% of the genes overlapping those proposed to undergo meiotic sex chromosome inactivation (MSCI) in the germ cells. Compared to WT, GCKO mice showed higher percentages of cells at early meiotic stages (leptotene and zygotene) but lower percentages at later stages (pachytene, diplotene and metaphase I), providing evidence that deletion of Dicer1 leads to disruptions in meiotic progression. Furthermore, we observed fewer elongating spermatids with proper translational activation of transition protein 2 (Tnp2), protamine 1 and 2 (Prm1 and Prm2) in GCKO testes after step 12-14. Therefore, deleting Dicer1 in early postnatal germ cells causes misregulation of transcripts encoded by genes on the sex chromosomes, impairs meiotic progression and post-meiotic translational control and results in spermatogenic failure and infertility. Overall design: Total RNA, including miRNAs, were purified from a total of six individual mouse samples. The tissue collected was obtained from wild-type (control; n=3) and Dicer1 germ cell knockout (mutant; n=3) testes on P18.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA169164
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:23056286
name:
Mus musculus
ncbiID:
ncbitax:10090
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject
  • CA034196-26/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States

  • HD027215-19/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/United States

  • HD42454/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/United States

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