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Title: Distinct perturbation of the translatome by the anti-diabetic drug metformin      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA156903
description:
Reduced cancer incidence has been reported among type II diabetics treated with metformin. Metformin exhibits anti-proliferative and anti-neoplastic effects associated with inhibition of mTORC1, but the mechanisms are poorly understood. We provide the first genome-wide analysis of translational targets of canonical mTOR inhibitors (rapamycin and PP242) and metformin, revealing that metformin controls gene expression at the level of mRNA translation to an extent comparable to that of canonical mTOR inhibitors. Importantly, metformin's anti-proliferative activity can be explained by selective translational suppression of mRNAs encoding cell cycle regulators via the mTORC1/4E-BP pathway. Thus, metformin selectively inhibits mRNA translation of encoded proteins that promote neoplastic proliferation, motivating further studies of this compound and related biguanides in cancer prevention and treatment. Overall design: MCF7 cells were treated with rapamycin, metformin or PP242 at concentrations that inhibited proliferation to 50% of control. Both cytoplasmic and polysome-associated mRNA was extracted from treatments and a vehicle treated control and probed with microarrays.
accesstypes:
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA156903
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:22611195
dateReleased:
05-21-2012
name:
Homo sapiens
ncbiID:
ncbitax:9606
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject