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Title: Widespread regulated alternative splicing of single codons accelerates proteome evolution      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA143693
description:
Thousands of human genes contain introns ending in NAGNAG motifs (N any nucleotide), where both NAGs can function as 3' splice sites, yielding isoforms differing by inclusion/exclusion of just three bases. However, the functional importance of NAGNAG alternative splicing is highly controversial. Using very deep RNA-Seq data from sixteen human and eight mouse tissues, we found that approximately half of alternatively spliced NAGNAGs undergo tissue-specific regulation and that regulated events have been selectively retained: alternative splicing of strongly tissue-specific NAGNAGs was ten times as likely to be conserved between species as for non-tissue-specific events. Further, alternative splicing of human NAGNAGs was associated with an order of magnitude increase in the frequency of exon length changes at orthologous mouse/rat exon boundaries, suggesting that NAGNAGs accelerate exon evolution. Together, our analyses show that NAGNAG alternative splicing constitutes a major generator of tissue-specific proteome diversity and accelerates evolution of proteins at exon-exon boundaries. Overall design: mRNA-Seq of sixteen human and eight mouse tissues. Supplementary files: human.nagnag.junctions.gff and mouse.nagnag.junctions.gff are the annotation files (in GFF3 format) corresponding to the 'bwtout' mapped reads files linked to the Sample records. Raw data files provided for Samples GSM742937-GSM742952 only.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA143693
authentication:
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authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:22235189
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject