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Title: Gene expression profiles of primary cultured ovarian cells in the presence and absence of a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA142613
description:
Epithelial ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death among gynecologic malignancies. Diagnosis usually occurs after metastatic spread, largely reflecting vague symptoms of early disease combined with lack of an effective screening strategy. Epigenetic mechanisms of gene regulation, including DNA methylation, are fundamental to normal cellular function and also play a major role in carcinogenesis. To elucidate the biological and clinical relevance of DNA methylation in ovarian cancer, we conducted expression microarray analysis of 39 cell lines and 17 primary culture specimens grown in the presence or absence of DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitors. Two parameters, induction of expression and standard deviation among untreated samples, identified 378 candidate methylated genes, many relevant to TGF-beta signaling. We analyzed 43 of these genes and they all exhibited methylation. Treatment with DNMT inhibitors increased TGF-beta pathway activity. Hierarchical clustering of ovarian cancers using the 378 genes reproducibly generated a distinct gene cluster strongly correlated with TGF-beta pathway activity that discriminates patients based on age. These data suggest that accumulation of age-related epigenetic modifications leads to suppression of TGF-beta signaling and contributes to ovarian carcinogenesis. Overall design: Seventeen primary cultures of ovarian cells (two pooled normal ovarian surface epithelium, two serous borderline tumors, one endometrioid and twelve serous epithelial ovarian cancers) were mock treated or treated with 5 µM 5-AzaC for 72 hours, followed by gene expression microarray analysis to enable identification of genes differentially expressed as a result of inhibition of DNA methyltransferase activity.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA142613
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:21156726
name:
Homo sapiens
ncbiID:
ncbitax:9606
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject