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Title: An Integrated Analysis of Molecular Acclimation to High Light in the Marine Diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA119115
description:
Photosynthetic diatoms are exposed to rapid and unpredictable changes in irradiance and spectral quality, and must be able to adapt their light harvesting systems to varying light conditions. Molecular mechanisms behind light acclimation in diatoms are largely unknown. We set out to investigate the mechanisms of high light acclimation in Phaeodactylum tricornutum using an integrated approach involving global transcriptional profiling, metabolite profiling and variable fluorescence technique. Algae cultures were acclimated to low light (LL), after which the cultures were transferred to high light (HL). Molecular, metabolic and physiological responses were studied at time points 0.5 h, 3 h, 6 h, 12 h, 24 h and 48 h after transfer to HL conditions. The integrated results indicate that the acclimation mechanisms in diatoms can be divided into an initial response phase (0.5 h), an intermediate acclimation phase (3-12 h) and a late acclimation phase (12-48 h). The initial phase is recognized by strong and rapid regulation of genes encoding proteins involved in photosynthesis, pigment metabolism and reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging systems. A significant increase in light protecting metabolites occur together with the induction of transcriptional processes involved in protection of cellular structures at this early phase. During the following phases, the metabolite profiling display a pronounced decrease in light harvesting pigments, whereas the variable fluorescence measurements show that the photosynthetic capacity increases strongly during the late acclimation phase. We show that P. tricornutum is capable of swift and efficient execution of photoprotective mechanisms, followed by changes in the composition of the photosynthetic machinery that enable the diatoms to utilize the excess energy available in HL. Central molecular players in light protection and acclimation to high irradiances have been identified. Overall design: The experiment was designed as a time series, with diatom cultures were harvested at time points 0.5 h, 3 h, 6 h, 12 h, 24 h and 48 h after transfer to high light conditions. The reference samples were kept at low light and harvested in parallel with the treated samples. Three biological replicates were harvested for all samples.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA119115
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:19888450
dateReleased:
11-06-2009
name:
Phaeodactylum tricornutum
ncbiID:
ncbitax:2850
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject