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Title: Expression of Escherichia coli treated with cefsulodin and mecillinam, alone at the minimum inhibitory concentration      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA109011
description:
Gram-negative bacteria possess stress responses to maintain the integrity of the cell envelope. Stress sensors monitor outer membrane permeability, envelope protein folding, and energization of the inner membrane. The systems used by Gram-negative bacteria to sense and combat stress resulting from disruption of the peptidoglycan layer are not well characterized. The peptidoglycan layer is a single molecule that completely surrounds the cell and ensures its structural integrity. During cell growth new peptidoglcyan subunits are incorporated into the peptidoglycan layer by a series of enzymes called the penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs). To explore how Gram-negative bacteria respond to peptidoglycan stress, global gene expression analysis was used to identify Escherichia coli stress responses activated following inhibition of specific PBPs by the ß-lactam antibiotics mecillinam and cefsulodin. Inhibition of PBPs with different roles in peptidoglycan synthesis has different consequences for cell morphology and viability, suggesting that not all perturbations to the peptidoglycan layer generate equivalent stresses. We demonstrate that inhibition of different PBPs resulted in both shared and unique stress responses. The regulation of capsular synthesis (Rcs) phosphorelay was activated by inhibition of all of the PBPs tested. Furthermore, we show that activation of the Rcs phosphorelay increased survival in the presence of these antibiotics, independently of capsule synthesis. Both activation of the phosphorelay and survival required signal transduction via the outer membrane lipoprotein RcsF and the response regulator RcsB. We propose that the Rcs pathway responds to peptidoglycan damage and contributes to the intrinsic resistance of E. coli to ß-lactam antibiotics. We used microarrays to identify changes in gene expression resulting from treatment of Escherichia coli with the ß-lactam antibiotics cefsulodin, mecillinam, or the combination. Keywords: Dose response, stress response Overall design: E. coli was treated with two b-lactam antibiotics, cefsulodin and mecillinam, alone at the minimum inhibitory concentration to identify the expression changes in response to antibiotic-induced peptidoglycan stress. E. coli was grown to an OD of 0.2 at which time cefsulodin or mecillinam was added. Samples of the bacteria were collected at 5 and 10 minutes after treatment with cefsulodin and 60 minutes after treatment with mecillinam. Untreated cells were also collected at the same time points as controls. Three biological replicates were collected for all time points and samples, however, only one of the 5 minute untreated samples was hybridized to the arrays. In addition, a single sample from cells treated with the combination of cefsulodin and mecillinam was hybridized to allow for comparison with samples hybridized to Affymetrix antisense genechips.
accesstypes:
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA109011
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:18192383
dateReleased:
07-15-2008
name:
Escherichia coli K-12
ncbiID:
ncbitax:83333
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject

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