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Title: Brain transcriptomic response to social eavesdropping in zebrafish      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA286322
description:
Public information is widely available at low cost to animals living in social groups. For instance, bystanders may eavesdrop on signaling interactions between conspecifics and use it to adapt their subsequent behavior towards the observed individuals. This social eavesdropping ability is expected to require specialized mechanisms such as social attention, which selects social information available for learning. To begin exploring the genetic basis of social eavesdropping, we used a previously established attention paradigm in the lab to study the brain gene expression profile of male zebrafish in relation to the attention they have paid towards conspecifics involved or not involved in agonistic interactions. Microarray gene chips were used to characterize their brain transcriptomes based on differential expression of single genes and gene sets. These analyses were complemented by promoter region-based techniques. Using data from both approaches, we further drafted protein interaction networks. Our results suggest that attentiveness towards conspecifics, whether interacting or not, activates pathways linked to neuronal plasticity and memory formation. The network analyses suggested that fos and jun are key players on this response, and that npas4a, nr4a1 and egr4 may also play an important role. Furthermore, specifically observing fighting interactions further triggered pathways associated to a change in the alertness status (dnajb5) and to other genes related to memory formation (btg2, npas4b), which suggests that the acquisition of eavesdropped information about social relationships activates specific processes on top of those already activated just by observing conspecifics. Overall design: 39 fish were previously subjected to one of three treatments (13 individuals per group) for 30 minutes: bystander to an interacting male conspecific dyad; bystander to two non-interacting male conspecifics; and socially isolated fish. From these, 4 representative groups (each composed of 3 replicates) were selected for total RNA expression analyses: one attentive group from the interacting-conspecifics treatment; two groups from the non-interacting-conspecifics treatment, based on attentive and inattentive behavioral profiles; and one group from the isolated fish to be used as a reference.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA286322
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:26713440
name:
Danio rerio
ncbiID:
ncbitax:7955
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject