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Title: Neuron-specific deletion of the miRNA-processing enzyme DICER induces severe but transient obesity in mice      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA262716
description:
Through post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression, miRNAs affect numerous regulatory pathways including those crucial for maintaining metabolic balance. Here we demonstrate that a neuronal-specific inhibition of miRNA maturation in adult mice leads to a rapid development of severe obesity, which is equally rapidly reversed. Development of obesity was associated with increased food intake and efficiency, and decreased locomotor activity. The ensuing decrease in body weight resembled a catabolic state with lowered O2-consumption and respiratory-exchange ratio. Brain transcriptome analyses in obese mice identified several obesity-related pathways including leptin, somatostatin, and nemo-like kinase signaling, as well as genes involved in feeding and appetite (e.g. Pmch, Neurotensin). A cluster of genes involved in synaptic plasticity was specifically enriched in post-obese mice that did not appear in obese mice. While other studies have identified a role for miRNAs in obesity our model is unique in that it allows for the study of processes involved in reversing obesity. Overall design: Tissues were collected 4 weeks and 8 weeks after induction of dicer gene knock-out. For each tissue (i.e., cortex, hypothalamus, hippocampus) a total of 3 animals per treatment and per time point was used. Genetic modification.
accesstypes:
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA262716
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:25629159
name:
Mus musculus
ncbiID:
ncbitax:10090
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject