Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: A Human Model of Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy Using Neural Crest-Derived Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA238730
description:
There is a growing recognition of cerebrovascular contribution to neurodegenerative diseases. Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), characterised by amyloid-beta (Aβ) deposits in the walls of intracerebral and leptomeningeal arteries, is evident in a majority of Alzheimer’s disease patients and aged people. Here, we leverage on human pluripotent stem cells to generate vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) from neural crest progenitors, recapitulating brain vasculature-specific attributes in Aβ metabolism. We confirm that the lipoprotein receptor, LRP1, functions in our neural crest-derived SMCs to mediate Aβ uptake and intracellular proteasomal degradation. Hypoxia significantly compromises the ability of SMCs in Aβ clearance by suppressing LRP1 expression. This enables us to develop an assay of Aβ uptake using the neural crest-derived SMCs with hypoxia as a stress paradigm. We then tested several vascular protective compounds in a high throughput format, demonstrating the value of stem cell-based phenotypic screening for novel CAA therapeutics and drug repurposing. Overall design: We adopted our previous SMC differentiation protocol (Cheung et al., 2012) to differentiate this intermediate neural crest population using platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB, 10 ng/ml) and transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1, 2ng/ml) for another 12 days. The resultant neural crest-derived SMCs (NCSMC) were then characterised in comparison to neuroectoderm-derived SMCs (NESMC) (Cheung et al., 2012) and positive control, human brain vascular SMCs (BVSMC).
accesstypes:
download
landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA238730
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:25284792
name:
Homo sapiens
ncbiID:
ncbitax:9606
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject