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Title: Transcriptomic responses of Anguilla anguilla elvers fed dietary LPS      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA231769
description:
Dietary immunostimulants are considered as an effective tool for enhancing the immune status of cultured organisms and improving their general welfare. Immunostimulants are chemical substances which activate transiently elements of the immune response and may potentially render animals more resistant to infectious diseases. They also reduce the risk of disease outbreaks, if administrated prior to situations known to result in stress and impaired general performance (e.g. handling, change of temperature and environment, weaning to inert diets) or prior to expected increase in exposure to pathogenic microorganisms and parasites. In this study, we have evaluated the effect of dietary LPS derived from Pantoea agglomerans (LPSp, SOMACY SL100, MACROPHI Inc., Japan) in Anguilla anguilla elvers considering the general condition, growth and immune status of the animals. Elvers (1.7 ± 0.2 g) obtained from local fishermen (Delta del Ebro, Spain) were fed at different doses of c (0, 20 and 40 μg LPSp kg BW-1 day-1) for a period of 70 days (4 replicates per dietary group). LPSp was added to the diet (52% protein, 24% fat, 9% ash) by top coating the pellets with the lyophilized powder of LPSp dissolved in 2% fish oil (diets manufactured by ALLERQUA, Denmark). The trial was conducted in 100 L tanks (40 L functional volume) connected to a recirculation unit (IRTAmar®) and water quality was as follows: temperature, 21 ± 0.5 ºC; pH, 7.5 ± 0.1; photoperiod, 12 L:12 D and oxygen at saturation levels. At the end of the trial, fish were measured for growth (BW), size dispersion, histological organization of the intestinal mucosa and the transcriptomic responses of the spleen were evaluated by means of a 60K (15000 gene signatures) custom oligonucleotide microarray (Agilent Technologies Inc.). No significant differences in BW nor survival were observed among groups regardless of the dose of LPSp (BW: 3.9 ± 0.3 g, survival: 98-99%). Micorarray analysis (LIMMA F<0.05; adj. p value < 0.005) resulted in 81 significantly up-regulated genes and only 3 down-regulated genes, in the highest LPSp dose. The lowest dose of LPSp up-regulated 26 genes and down-regulated 50. Both doses resulted in regulation of immune related genes, such as, sensors for detection of viral and bacterial products, innate antiviral response genes, cytokines, adipocytokines, and their regulatory nuclear factors. The pathway enrichment analysis (FatiGO; p < 0.005) of up-regulated genes (40 μg LPSp kg BW-1 day-1) indicated among the most significantly regulated KEGG pathways: cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, Jak-STAT signalling, natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, Toll-like, RIG-I-like and NOD-like receptor signalling and Wnt, Notch and mTOR signalling. In conclusion, LPSp diet highly regulates spleen transcription levels, mainly enhancing the immune response capacity of the immunostimulated elvers. This study was funded by the CENIT-ACUISOST project (CDTI, Spain), IRTA, Basque Government (S-PC08UN03; IT810-13) And UPV/EHU (UFI 11/37). Technical and human support provided by SGIker (UPV/EHU) is acknowledged. Authors are also in debt to G. Macià (IRTA-SCR) for fish care and maintenance during the trial. Overall design: 21 samples are analyzed, 7 pools of 3 spleens in each experimental group,Control group; Diet of 20ug/kg and 40ug/kg
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA231769
authentication:
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authorization:
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name:
Anguilla anguilla
ncbiID:
ncbitax:7936
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject