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Title: Influence of ascorbic acid depletion on gene expression in liver and lipid metabolism      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA176691
description:
Ascorbic acid (AA) is a powerful antioxidant and play as a cofactor for various enzymes in vivo. In this study, we investigated the effect of AA depletion on gene expression in the liver and lipid metabolism by using SMP30/GNL knockout (KO) mice which are unable to biosynthesis AA. First, we performed microarray analysis. Briefly, SMP30/GNL KO mice were weaned and divided into two groups; AA-depleted and supplemented groups, which mice were free access to water containing 1.5 g/L AA. After 4 weeks, mRNA was isolated and purified from the liver. In this study, Affymetrix® GeneChip® was used for microarray analysis. Actually, AA-depletion altered many gene expressions related to lipid metabolism. Especially, Cytochrome P450 7a1 (Cyp7a1), a late-limiting enzyme of bile acid biosynthesis, gene expression was significantly up-regulated. We also confirmed Cyp7a1 protein levels by Western blotting. Next, we investigated the influence of AA depletion on lipid metabolism. We examined the lipid and bile acid levels in the liver, plasma, and gallbladder from SMP30/GNL KO mice. Amount of total bile acid (TBA), free fatty acid (FA), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), and phospholipids (PL) were measured by colorimetric method. AA depletion reduced TBA levels in the liver and gallbladder. However, FA, TC, TG, and PL in the plasma and liver were not changed by AA depletion. Although Cyp7a1 gene expression and protein levels were increased by AA depletion, amount of bile acid were reduced. Conclusively, we have shown that AA depletion reduced bile acid biosynthesis and elevated Cyp7a1 gene expression and protein levels. Thus, AA is an essential for bile acid biosynthesis pathway. Overall design: To investigate SMP30 gene in metabolism of ascorbic acid, liver transcriptome were compared between SMP30/GNL KO mice fed with AA-free diet, AA-supplemented KO mice, and wild type mice.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA176691
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:24704458
name:
Mus musculus
ncbiID:
ncbitax:10090
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject