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Title: FJ001: Retinoic acid-dependent and -independent gene-regulatory pathways of Pitx3 in meso-diencephalic dopaminergic neurons      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA146577
description:
Development of meso-diencephalic dopamine (mdDA) neurons requires the combined actions of the orphan nuclear receptor Nurr1 and the paired-like homeobox transcription factor Pitx3. Whereas all mdDA neurons require Nurr1 for expression of Th and survival, dependence on Pitx3 is only displayed by the mdDA subpopulation that will form the substantia nigra (SNc). Previously, we demonstrated that Pitx3-/- embryos lack the expression of the retinoic acid (RA)-generating enzyme Ahd2, which is normally selectively expressed in the Pitx3-dependent DA neurons of the SNc. Restoring RA-signaling in Pitx3-/- embryos revealed a selective dependence of SNc neurons on the presence of RA for differentiation into Th-positive neurons and maintenance throughout embryonic development. Whereas these data are suggestive of an important developmental role for RA in neurons of the SNc, it remained unclear whether other Nurr1 and Pitx3 target genes depend on RA signaling in a manner similar to Th. In search for genes that were affected in Pitx3-deficient mdDA neurons and restored upon embryonic RA treatment, we provide evidence that Delta-like 1, D2R (Drd2) and TH are regulated by Pitx3 and RA signaling, influencing the mdDA terminal differentiated phenotype. Furthermore, we show that regulation of Ahd2-mediated RA-signaling represents only one aspect of the Pitx3 downstream cascade, since Vmat2, Dat, Ahd2 (Aldh1a1), En1, En2 and Cck were unaffected by RA treatment and are (subset) specifically modulated by Pitx3. In conclusion, our data reveal several RA-dependent and -independent aspects of the Pitx3-regulated gene cascade suggesting that Pitx3 acts on multiple levels in the molecular subset-specification of mdDA neurons. Overall design: RNA was isolated from dissected ventral midbrains of E14.5 Pitx3-/- and Pitx3+/+ mouse embryos. 3 Experimental samples each consisting of 3 Pitx3-/- ventral midbrains were hybridized to reference RNA derived from 10 Pitx3+/+ ventral midbrains
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA146577
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:22069189
dateReleased:
11-22-2011
name:
Mus musculus
ncbiID:
ncbitax:10090
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject