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Title: Striatal microRNA controls cocaine intake through CREB signalling      
keywords:
Transcriptome or Gene expression
ID:
PRJNA126865
description:
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate many basic aspects of cell biology including neuronal plasticity, but little is known of their roles in drug addiction. Extended access to cocaine can trigger the emergence of compulsive drug-seeking behaviors, but molecular mechanisms regulating this process remain unclear. Here we report that microRNA-212 (miR-212) is upregulated in the dorsal striatum of rats with extended access to cocaine. Striatal overexpression of miR-212 decreases, whereas its inhibition increases cocaine intake in rats with extended but not restricted drug access, suggesting that miR-212 serves as a protective factor against the development of compulsive drug seeking. The transcription factor CREB (cAMP response element-binding protein) is considered a core regulator of cocaine reward. We show that miR-212 controls responsiveness to cocaine by dramatically amplifying striatal CREB signaling. This action occurs through miR-212-enhanced Raf-1 activity, resulting in adenylyl cyclase sensitization and increased expression of the essential CREB co-activator TORC (Transducer of Regulated CREB; also known as CRTC). Our findings suggest that striatal miR-212 signaling plays a key role in vulnerability to addiction, and that noncoding RNAs such as the miRNAs may serve as novel targets for the development of anti-addiction therapeutics. To identify potential targets for miR-212, we transfected cells with a vector to overexpress miR-212 or an empty vector. We then analyzed profiled gene expression using Affymetrix arrays. Overall design: Human Affymetrix Study: Cells were transfected with a vector to overexpress miR-212 or an empty vector. We then analyzed profiled gene expression using Affymetrix arrays. The complete, unfiltered set of signal intensity data for Samples miR-212 and pMIF, including miR-212/pMIF ratios, are in the supplementary file at the foot of the record. Probes excluded from analysis (pMIF intensity 100) are indicated in the supplementary file by a yes in the 'Passed data filtering and included in analysis: no/yes' column. Rat miRNA Study: Rats were permitted access to intravenous cocaine self-administration (0.5 mg/kg/infusion) for 7 consecutive days during restricted (1-h) or extended (6-h) daily sessions. Control rats remained coaine-naïve throughout. 24-h after the last session the dorsal striatum from each rats was removed, and RNA extracted for microarray profiling. There was a total of n=6 rats per access condition. RNA from 2 rats per access condition were pooled on to arrays, for a total of 3 arrays per access condition, and 9 arrays in total.
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landingpage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/PRJNA126865
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
ID:
pmid:20613834
abbreviation:
NCBI
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
ID:
SCR:006472
name:
National Center for Biotechnology Information
homePage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject
ID:
SCR:004801
name:
NCBI BioProject