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Title: jejunal Peyer’s patch (JPP) gene expression relative to jejunal mesenteric lymph node (j-MLN) gene expression      
dateReleased:
11-04-2004
description:
Although immune mechanisms have been described for Peyer’s patch function, in discriminating food nutrients and commensal microflora from pathogenic challenge, an understanding of gene expression patterns associated with normal intestinal homeostasis is lacking. The effects of commensal bacterial colonization on global gene expression in the small intestine of germ-free mice have been described (1, 2). However, no studies have compared expression patterns of various healthy lymphoid tissues in conventionally-raised pigs or other species. The objective of this study was to investigate the pattern of normal gene expression in jejunal Peyer’s patches (JPP) of healthy pigs. We hypothesized that gene expression of intact jejunal Peyer's patch is characterized by genes associated with absorption and secretory functions as well as genes associated with GALT-specific immune functions. Eight hybridizations were performed, with dye swaps of JPP mRNA from four juvenile pigs. Each hybridization compared JPP from an individual pig to the jejunal mesenteric lymph node reference sample, which was pooled from all juvenile pigs in the study. However, two of the hybridizations resulted in poor quality data, and were excluded from further analysis. Normalization, hierarchical clustering, data visualization, and statistical analysis were performed by GeneSpring version 6.2 (Silicon Genetics, Redwood, CA). GeneSpring standardized the intensities for each spot by subtracting the local background, and then normalized globally by locally weighted linear regression (Lowess). A Lowess curve was fit to the log-intensity versus log-ratio plot. 20.0% of the data was used to calculate the Lowess fit at each point. This curve was used to adjust the control value for each measurement. If the control channel was lower than 10 then 10 was used instead. Spots with a flag value of “0” were excluded. The intensity of negative control DNA-containing spots was used to additionally exclude low intensity data. Negative controls include the gene for Arabidopsis thaliana homeodomain-like protein (AY054571); 200 ng/microl Poly(dA) (Amersham, Piscataway, NJ); a 461 bp fragment of the kanamycin-resistant gene, amplified from the pET24b+ plasmid (Novagen, Madison, WI); PRRS virus strain VR-2332 (PRU87392) ORFs 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7; pCMVSport 6 plasmid (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA); and pGEM-T plasmid (Promega, Madison WI). The mean intensity of the negative controls for both Cy3 and Cy5 was calculated for each slide, and spots with a mean intensity less than the mean intensity + 2SD were excluded from further analysis. After normalization, GeneSpring averaged replicate spots for each clone across hybridizations. GeneSpring used the Cross Gene Error Model, which was based on replicate values. A Student’s t-test with the Benjamini and Hochberg false discovery rate multiple testing correction (MTC) verified the difference between the natural log of the normalized gene expression ratio (JPP:j-MLN) and a ratio of 1.0. p-values less than 0.05 were considered significant. Series_references: 1.Fukushima K, Ogawa H, Takahashi K, Naito H, Funayama Y, Kitayama T, Yonezawa H, and Sasaki I. Non-pathogenic bacteria modulate colonic epithelial gene expression in germ-free mice. Scand J Gastroenterol 38: 626-634, 2003. 2. Hooper LV, Wong MH, Thelin A, Hansson L, Falk PG, and Gordon JI. Molecular analysis of commensal host-microbial relationships in the intestine. Science 291: 881-884, 2001.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-1913
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
1913
dateSubmitted:
11-02-2004
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Sus scrofa
ID:
A-GEOD-1624
name:
PorkChip 2,600 cDNA array
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-1913/E-GEOD-1913.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-1913/E-GEOD-1913.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE1913
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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