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Title: Transcription profiling of human tonsil and oral epithelia      
dateReleased:
06-15-2008
description:
To study characteristics of the orapharyngeal epithelia which may influence susceptibility or resistance to HIV, we performed microarray analysis of the tonsil and gingival epithelium.Tonsil epithelium has been implicated in HIV pathogenesis, but its role in oral transmission remains controversial. We performed microarray analysis of Laser Capture Microdissected tonsil and gingival epithelium. Our data revealed that genes related to immune functions such as antibody production and antigen processing were increasingly expressed in tonsil compared to the epithelium of another oro-pharyngeal site, gingival epithelium. Importantly, tonsil epithelium highly expressed genes associated with HIV entrapment and/or transmission, including the HIV co-receptor CXCR4 and the potential HIV binding molecules, FcRγIII, complement receptor 2, and various complement components. This increased expression of molecules involved in viral recognition, binding and entry may favor virus-epithelium interaction in an environment with reduced innate anti-viral mechanisms. Specifically, secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor, an innate molecule with anti-HIV activity, was minimal in the tonsil epithelium, in contrast to oral mucosa. Collectively, our data suggest that increased expression of molecules associated with HIV binding and entry coupled with decreased innate anti-viral factors may render the tonsil a potential site for oral transmission. Experiment Overall Design: To study characteristics of the orapharyngeal epithelia which may influence susceptibility or resistance to HIV, we performed microarray analysis of the tonsil and gingival epithelium. Experiment Overall Design: Human palatine tonsils were obtained from routine therapeutic tonsillectomies (sleep apnea and non-tonsillitis) performed on otherwise healthy adults at the George Washington University Hospital with informed consent (IRB #099920). Gingival tissues were collected from healthy sites with probing depths < 3mm, with no clinical evidence of inflammation during routine therapeutic periodontal surgery at the University of Maryland, Department of Periodontics, with informed consent (IRB#1201211). Tissues were immediately snap frozen for the microarray studies. CM performed immediately at 10x magnification, using a Leica AS LMD system (Leica Microsystems). Areas unequivocally identified as epithelium were outlined , laser-dissected and captured and RNA from the tissues isolated. Preparation of biotin-labeled cRNA, hybridization, and scanning were performed according to manufacturer’s two cycle protocol (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA). Fluorescence intensity was measured using the Affymetrix GeneChip scanner and GeneChip Operating Software (GCOS, Affymetrix). Experiment Overall Design: Samples GSM173679, GSM173680,GSM173681, GSM173682, GSM173683, GSM173684, GSM173685, GSM173686, GSM173688, GSM173690 were processed togehter as "batch 1", while samples GSM173687 and GSM173689 were processed as "batch 2" together with sample GSM173691 which is a repeat of GSM173690, which was processed for comparison between the two batches. Experiment Overall Design:
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-7224
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
7224
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
10-12-2011
creators:
Niki Moutsopoulos
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
name:
unknown experiment type
ID:
A-AFFY-44
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 [HG-U133_Plus_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-7224/E-GEOD-7224.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-7224/E-GEOD-7224.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE7224
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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