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Title: Postreplicative recruitment of Cohesin to double-strand breaks      
dateReleased:
05-27-2010
description:
This series is a supplementary data set for the manuscript titled "Postreplicative recruitment of Cohesin to double-strand breaks is required for DNA repair" All data shown in the paper plus duplicate experiments were registered (15 ChIP-chip data). Experimental design: 1. Type of experiment: ChIP (Chromatin immunoprecipitation) analysis hybridized to high density oligonucleotide arrays. The S. cerevisiae chromosome VI array described by Katou et al. (2003) Nature 424, 1078-83 and the newly developed S. cerevisiae chromosomes III-VIa have been used. 2. Experimental factors: Distribution of the sister chromatid cohesion protein Scc1, before and after induction of a DNA double strand break (dsb) on chromosome III, V and VI in G2/metaphase cells were analysed (Benomyl arrested cells). 3. Number of hybridizations performed: ChIP analysis: 15 4. Hybridisation design: ChIP analysis: comparison of ChIP fraction with SUP (supernatant) fraction 5. Quality control: Duplication of experiments, confirmation of recruitment of the analysed protein to a dsb by induction of breaks at three different positions in the genome. Mock hybridisation of samples immunoprecipitated from cells containing no tag recognized by antibody used. Checking of the ChIP fraction by Western blotting. 6. URL of supplemental website: GEO Accession number: GSE1905 Web site: Samples used, extract preparation and labeling: 1. Origin of the biological sample Budding yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). 2. Manipulation of the samples and the protocols used: Mitotic budding yeast cells were synchronised in G2/M with Benomyl (80 ug/ml) Cells were fixed 30 minutes at room temperature plus over night in 1% formaldehyde at 4C. 3. Protocols for preparing extracts: ChIP analysis: Extract preparation was processed following the Shirahige lab protocol ( ). 5x10^8 cells were disrupted using Multi-Beads Shocker (MB400U, YASUI KIKAI, Osaka). Whole cell extract was sonicated to obtain 400-600 bp genomic DNA fragments. Anti-Flag monoclonal antibody M2 (Sigma-Aldrich Co., St Louis, MO) coupled to Dynabeads (Dynal, protein A Dynabeads) were used for chromatin immunoprecipitation. The immunprecipates were eluted and incubated over night at 65¨¬C to reverse the cross-link. Immunoprecipitated genomic DNA was incubated with proteinase K, extracted 2 times with phenol/chloroform/isoamylalcohol, precipitated, resuspended in TE and incubated with RnaseA. The DNA was then purified using the Qiagen PCR purification kit, and concentrated by ethanol precipitation. The DNA was amplified by PCR after random priming. 10 ug of amplified DNA was digested with Dnase I to a mean size of 100 bp. After Dnase I inactivation at 95¨¬C, fragments were labelled as detailed below. 4. Labeling protocol DNA fragments were end-labeled by addition of 25 U of Terminal Transferase and 1 nmol Biotin-N6ddATP (NEN) for 1 hour at 37C as previously described by Winzeler et al. (Science. 281, 1194-1197, 1998). The entire sample was used for hybridization. 5. Hybridization procedures and parameters: Hybridization, blocking and washing were carried out as previously described (). Each sample was hybridized to the array in 150 ul containing 6xSSPE; 0.005% TritonX-100; 15 ug fragmented denatured salmon sperm DNA (Gibco-BRL); 1 nmole 3’biotin labelled control oligonucleotide (oligo B2, Affymetrix). Samples were denatured at 100C for 10 minutes, and then put on ice before being hybridized for 16 hours at 42C in an hybridization oven (GeneChip Hybri. Oven 320, Affymetrix). Washing and scanning protocol (FlexMidi-euk2v3-450) provided by Affymetrix was performed automatically on a fluidics station (GeneChip fluidics station 400, Affymetrix). 6. Measurement data and specifications: S. cerevisiae arrays were scanned using the HP GeneArray Scanner (Affymetrix) at an emission wavelength of 560 nm, resolution 7.5 uM. Grids were aligned to scans following the library array description. Primary data analyses were carried out using Affymetrix Microarray Suite Ver.5.0 software to obtain signal intensity, fold change value, change p-value and detection p-value. The detailed information of this analysis is available at and guide.pdf To discriminate significant signals for binding to DNA (dark grey signals), signals from the ChIP fraction scan were compared to the SUP (supernatant) fraction scan using the 3 following criteria: first, the signal reliability was judged by the detection p-value of each locus (p-value <=0.025); secondly, reliability of binding ratio was judged by change p-value (p- value <=0.025); thirdly, only clusters of at least 3 contiguous loci responding to the 2 previous criteria were selected as significantly enriched locus. The light grey signals represent the statistically not significantly enriched signals. The software to present the result (chr6viewer) is available at . The raw and transformed data files are available at GEO database website and at our web site . 6. Array Design 1. General array design: in situ synthesized arrays by Affymetrix 2. Availability of arrays: commercially available from Affymetrix 3. Location and ID of each spot on arrays: available at our web site () and from Affymetrix on request 4. Probe type: oligonucleotide 5. The arrays used in this study can be purchased from Affymetrix: Chromosome VI S.cerevisiae: rikDACF, P/N# 510636 Chromosome III,IV,V,VIa S.cerevisiae: SC3456a520015F, P/N# 520015 Keywords: other
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-1905
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
1905
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
03-27-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-1905/E-GEOD-1905.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-1905/E-GEOD-1905.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE1905
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress