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Title: Altered gene expression profiles in testis developmental exposed to endocrine disruptors      
dateReleased:
06-01-2010
description:
Environmental reproductive health focuses on the effect of exposure to contaminants considered as endocrine disruptors. Developmental testis is considered as target of these compounds affecting testicular functions in adults and suspected implications in tumor etiology. Comparative analysis of gene expression in mouse testis exposed to five disruptors, three different dosages and three accumulative developmental stages shown defined signature profiles of gene deregulation for MEHP (monoethyl phthalate) and zearalenone (a phytoestrogen) and different to 17β-estradiol exposure. The effects are even detected in postpuberal male offspring from premating exposed mothers. Oxidative stress response, protein ubiquitination and oxidative phosphorylation are the most representative pathways affected. Animal Exposure CD-1 mice were in vivo exposed to several doses of EDs following a defined protocol: mothers were exposed two weeks before mating (exposure A); the same exposure and dose were maintained during pregnancy (exposure B) and four weeks after birth (exposure C). In all exposures, male offspring were sacrificed to obtain the testes. The compounds were administrated in drinking water to a final concentration of: E2(mg/l) BPA(mg/l) Zea(mg/l) MEHP(mg/l) Lindane(mg/l) Dose (1) 0.02 0.5 4 27.85 50 Dose (2) 0.04 50 12 139.17 100 Dose (3) 0.16 200 20 278.34 200 Ethanol was used as vehicle for E2, BPA and Zea and DMSO was for MEHP and Lindane. Control testes were obtained from animals exposed to solvents of EDs: Ethanol and DMSO. Animal care and sacrifice were made following regulations from the CSIC Bioethics Committee. RNA preparation Total RNA from testes of exposed animals and controls was extracted using TRIzol reagent (Invitrogen), according to the manufacturer’s standard protocol. RNA samples were spectrophotometrically quantified using NanoDrop (NanoDrop Technologies). To minimize the effect of inter-individual expression variability we made pools of RNA from at least 3 individual RNA samples from each experimental condition (same quantity of total RNA per sample). Pools of RNA were checked for quality performing Experion analysis (Bio-Rad Laboratories). Total RNA from testes of unexposed four weeks old animals was also extracted with the purpose of making pools to assess the variability at the expression level of the mouse strain used (Ctr). Microarray Processing Starting with total RNA from pools described above, full length cDNAs were synthesized from oligo(dT) primers bearing a T7 promoter. These cDNAs were used as template for in vitro transcription by T7-RNA-Polymerase to amplify the mRNAs; following the Amino Allyl MessageAmp™ aRNA Kit (Ambion, Inc.) protocol. The amplified mRNAs (aRNA) were labeled either with Cy3 or Cy5 dyes, using Amersham CyDye Post-Labeling Reactive Dyes (Amersham Biosciences). The incorporated dye was spectrophotometrically quantified using NanoDrop (NanoDrop Technologies). The same dye signal quantities of labeled experimental and control aRNAs were mixed and hybridized to Mouse Oligoset v3 (OPERON) arrays from Genomics facility-University of Cincinnati (USA). The slides contained 31,769 spotted probes (70 mer oligonucleotides) corresponding to 24,878 expressed or predicted mouse genes. Hybridization and washes of microarrays were performed according to Genomics facility-University of Cincinnati instructions. Dye-Swap replicates were performed: one slide hybridized with experimental and control targets labeled with Cy3 and Cy5, respectively; and the second slide with the same type of targets but inversely labeled. Target refers to labeled aRNA while probe refers to the oligonucleotides spotted on the microarray platform. Imaging and data generation were carried out using a GenePix 4000B (Axon Instruments) and associated software from Axon Instruments, Inc. The microarray slides were scanned with dual lasers with wavelength frequencies to excite Cy3 and Cy5. Images were captured in TIFF files. Information extraction for a given spot was based on the median value for the signal pixels minus the median value for the background pixels to produce a gene set data file for all the DNA spots. The Cy3 and Cy5 fluorescence signal intensities were normalized.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-14774
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
14774
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-04-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-GEOD-7509
name:
Operon Mouse 3.0.1 Cincinnati University
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-14774/E-GEOD-14774.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-14774/E-GEOD-14774.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE14774
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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