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Title: Transcriptome profiling of immune responses to cardiomyopathy syndrome (CMS) in Atlantic salmon      
dateReleased:
04-26-2011
description:
Cardiomyopathy syndrome (CMS) is a disease associated with severe myocarditis in adult Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.), which is presumably caused with a double-stranded RNA virus (piscine myocarditis virus; PMCV). This study addressed the host immune response in Atlantic salmon during experimentally induced CMS as assessed by microarray transcriptome profiling. Post-smolts were infected by intraperitoneal injection of PMCV and developed cardiac pathology consistent with CMS. From analysis of heart samples at several time points and different tissues at early and clinical stages by oligonucleotide microarrays, six gene sets representing a broad range of immune responses were identified. Histopathological examination of cardiac tissue showed myocardial lesions from 6 weeks post infection (wpi) that peaked at 8-9 wpi and was followed by a recovery. Viral RNA was detected in all organs from 2 wpi. The highest and equal viral load was observed in heart, spleen and kidney, peaking at 8-9 wpi. Strong and systemic induction of antiviral and IFN-dependent genes from 2 wpi that leveled off during infection, was followed by a biphasic activation of pathways for B cells and MHC antigen presentation, both peaking at clinical pathology. This was preceded by a distinct cardiac activation of complement at 6 wpi. Most severe cardiac pathology and peak viraemia coincided with a cardiac-specific activation of T cell responses dominated by genes involved in effector CD8 cell responses and splenic induction of complement. These changes preceded the reduction in viral load and pathology, suggesting an important role of cytotoxic T cells for viral elimination in infected heart. Atlantic salmon post-smolts (average weight 50g) were challenged with the putative CMS-causing pathogen (PMCV). Hearts were sampled from challenged and control fish at 2, 4, 6, 8, 9 and 10 wpi. Pools of equal amounts of total RNA from three fish hearts each were combined and hybridized against control pools of 8 to 10 fish hearts per time point. Spleen, liver, mid-kidney, red blood cells (RBC) and peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) were analyzed at 4 wpi (latest time point before clinical stage) and 8 wpi (peak pathology). The samples of infected fish were labeled with Cy5 and hybridized to control samples from the same time-points labeled with Cy3. Competitive hybridization to the arrays was followed by washing, scanning, image analysis, and data analysis. Selected genes were analyzed with RT-qPCR.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-28843
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
28843
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Salmo salar
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-28843/E-GEOD-28843.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-28843/E-GEOD-28843.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE28843
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress