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Title: A Gene Expression Phenotype In Lymphocytes From Friedreich’s Ataxia Patients      
dateReleased:
07-25-2011
description:
Gene expression studies in peripheral tissues from patients with neurodegenerative disorders can provide insights into disease pathogenesis, and identify potential biomarkers, an important goal of translational research in neurodegeneration. Friedreich’s Ataxia (FRDA) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease caused by reduced transcription of frataxin, a ubiquitously expressed protein. We studied in vitro lymphocytes from FRDA patients and carriers, in order to identify a peripheral gene expression phenotype. Peripheral biomarkers related to disease status would be extremely valuable for assessing drug efficacy and could provide new pathophysiological insights. We identified a subset of genes changed in cells from patients with pathological frataxin deficiency and a core set of these genes were confirmed in independent series. Changes in gene expression were related to the mitochondria, lipid metabolism, cell cycle, and DNA repair, consistent with FRDA’s known pathophysiology. We evaluated the in vitro effect of multiple compounds (HDAC inhibitors) on this putative biomarker set, and found that this biochemical phenotype was ameliorated in accordance with drug efficacy. Frataxin downregulation is associated with robust changes in gene expression in PBMCs, providing pathogenetic insights and a core subset of genes which, if verified in vivo, could be used as a peripheral biomarker. We characterized the gene expression profiles in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from FRDA patients, compared with controls and related carriers. Cells were studied both before and after in vitro treatment with compounds that increase frataxin levels. Quantitative real-time PCR and additional microarrays were used to confirm a core set of genes in multiple independent series
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-30933
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
30933
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-16-2011
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-MEXP-931
name:
Illumina HumanRef-8 v2 Expression BeadChip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-30933/E-GEOD-30933.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-30933/E-GEOD-30933.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE30933
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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