Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: LNCaP Prostate Cancer Cells: Control vs. siRNA-PCAT1 Treated      
dateReleased:
07-27-2011
description:
Transcriptional profiling of LNCaP prostate cancer cells comparing control siRNA-treated LNCaP cells with LNCaP cells treated with siRNAs targeting Prostate Cancer Associated Transcript-1 (PCAT1), an uncharacterized long non-coding RNA. High-throughput sequencing of polyA+ RNA (RNA-Seq) in human cancer shows remarkable potential to identify both novel disease-specific markers for clinical uses and uncharacterized aspects of tumor biology, particularly non-coding RNA (ncRNA) species. To illustrate this approach, we employed RNA-Seq on a cohort of 102 prostate tissues and cells lines and found that aberrant expression profiles of novel tissue-specific ncRNAs distinguished benign, cancerous, and metastatic tumors. Among these, a novel prostate-cancer specific ncRNA (termed PCAT-1) defined a subset of aggressive cancers with low expression of the epigenetic regulator EZH2, a component of the Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) commonly upregulated in metastatic cancers. In vitro assays for core PRC2 genes indicated that the PRC2 complex directly binds and represses PCAT-1, and that the PCAT-1 transcript reciprocally binds PRC2, suggesting a regulatory feedback mechanism. Importantly, knockdown of PCAT-1 in cells with high levels of endogenous PCAT-1 transcript showed changes in cell proliferation and transcriptional regulation of several key biological processes, including cell cycle. Finally, we showed that ncRNA expression signatures, including PCAT-1, were effective for the non-invasive detection of prostate cancer, and that high ncRNA expression signature values correlate with high-grade histology. The findings presented herein establish the utility of RNA-Seq to comprehensively identify unannotated ncRNAs that define human disease states and characterize PCAT-1 as a novel regulator of cell proliferation mechanistically linked to PRC2 and contributory to translational clinical tests for prostate cancer. Two-condition experiment: Control-siRNA-treated versus PCAT1-siRNA-treated LNCaP cells. Biological replicates: 3 control replicates, 3 treatment replicates.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-29886
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
29886
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AGIL-28
name:
Agilent Whole Human Genome Microarray 4x44K 014850 G4112F (85 cols x 532 rows)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-29886/E-GEOD-29886.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-29886/E-GEOD-29886.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE29886
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

Feedback?

If you are having problems using our tools, or if you would just like to send us some feedback, please post your questions on GitHub.