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Title: Protective Role of IL-10 in Ozone-induced Pulmonary Inflammation      
dateReleased:
10-18-2011
description:
Background: The mechanisms underlying ozone (O3)-induced pulmonary inflammation remain unclear. Interleukin (IL)-10 is an anti-inflammatory cytokine that is known to inhibit inflammatory mediators. Objectives: The current study investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying IL-10-mediated attenuation of O3-induced pulmonary inflammation in mice. Methods: Il10-deficient (Il10-/-) and wild type (Il10+/+) mice were exposed to 0.3-ppm O3 or filtered air for 24, 48 or 72 hr. Immediately following exposure, differential cell counts, and total protein (a marker of lung permeability) were assessed from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). mRNA and protein levels of cellular mediators were determined from lung homogenates. We also utilized global mRNA expression analyses of lung tissue with Ingenuity Pathway Analyses (IPA) to identify patterns of gene expression through which IL-10 modifies O3-induced inflammation. Results: Mean numbers of BALF polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) were significantly greater in Il10-/- mice than in Il10+/+ mice after exposure to O3 at all time points tested. O3-enhanced nuclear NF-kB translocation was elevated in the lungs of Il10-/- compared to Il10+/+ mice. Gene expression analyses revealed several key IL-10 and O3-dependent mediators, including IL-6, MIP-2, IL-1 and CD86. Conclusions: Results indicated that IL-10 protects against O3-induced pulmonary neutrophilic inflammation and cell proliferation. Moreover, gene expression analyses identified three response pathways and several novel genetic targets (e.g. Ccr1, Socs3, Il33, Hat1, and Gale) through which IL10 may modulate the innate and adaptive immune response. These novel mechanisms of protection against the pathogenesis of O3-induced pulmonary inflammation may also provide potential therapeutic targets to protect susceptible individuals. PARALLEL study design with 26 samples. Biological replicates: 2 to 3 replicates per group with wild type air exposed animals as controls for each time point (24, 48, 72 hours). Time-Course, Dose-Response, Strain comparison
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-25095
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
25095
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
12-05-2011
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-AFFY-36
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Genome 430A 2.0 [Mouse430A_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-25095/E-GEOD-25095.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-25095/E-GEOD-25095.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE25095
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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