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Title: Effects of exposure to the β-blocker propanolol on the reproductive behavior and gene expression of the fathead minnow, Pimephales promelas      
dateReleased:
05-31-2012
description:
Propranolol is a beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist (β-blocker) that has been detected in United States wastewater effluents at concentrations ranging from 0.026 to 1.90 µg/l. In mammals, there is evidence that β-blockers can cause sexual dysfunction, and alter serotonergic pathways which may impact reproductive behavior but little is known about the effects on fish behavior. The present study tested the effects of propranolol on fecundity and on reproductive behavior of the fathead minnow, Pimephales promelas, a fish that exhibits male parental care. Sexually mature fathead minnows were housed at a ratio of one male and two females per tank and exposed to nominal concentrations of 0, 0.1, 1, 10 µg/l for 21 days. Measured concentrations (±SD) of propranolol were 0.05±0.02, 0.88±0.34 and 4.11±1.19 µg/l. There were no statistically significant differences in fecundity, fertilization rate, hatchability and time to hatch. Propranolol exposure was not associated with a change in nest rubbing behavior, time spent in the nest or approaching the females. There was a significant difference in the number of visits to the nest with males receiving low and medium propranolol treatments. The microarray analysis showed that there were 335 genes up-regulated and 400 genes down-regulated in the brain after exposure to the highest dose of propranolol. Among those genes, myoglobin and calsequestrin transcripts (fold change=10.84 and 5.49, respectively) were highly up-regulated. Ontological analyses indicated changes in genes involved in calcium ion transport, transcription, proteolysis and apoptosis/anti-apoptosis. The results showed that exposure to propranolol at concentrations as high as 4.11 µg/l did not significantly impact reproductive behavior or spawning abilities of fathead minnow but did alter the regulation of genes within the brain of fish. Effects of propanolol exposure were investigated in the brain of adult male fathead minnow exposed to 10 µg/L of propanolol or a solvent control solution (0.01% ethanol). For each treatment, the brain of four different fish were analyzed.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-34947
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
34947
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-11-2012
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Pimephales promelas
ID:
A-GEOD-10259
name:
Agilent-019597 custom fathead minnow 60mer (8x15k)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-34947/E-GEOD-34947.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-34947/E-GEOD-34947.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE34947
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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