Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: Carbon availability triggers the decomposition of plant litter and assimilation of nitrogen by an ectomycorrhizal fungus      
dateReleased:
04-30-2013
description:
Abstract: A large part of the nitrogen in forest soils is found in recalcitrant organic matter-protein complexes. Ectomycorrhizal fungi are thought to have a key role in the decomposition and mobilization of nitrogen from such complexes. The knowledge on the functional mechanisms of these processes, and how they are regulated by carbon from the host plant and the availability of more easily available forms of nitrogen sources are limited. We used spectroscopic analyses and transcriptome profiling to examine how the presence/absence of glucose and ammonium regulates the decomposition and mobilization of nitrogen from litter material by the ectomycorrhizal fungus Paxillus involutus. Amendments of glucose triggered the assimilation of nitrogen and the decomposition of the litter material. Concomitantly, the expression of genes encoding enzymes involved in oxidative (i.e. Fenton chemistry) degradation of polysaccharides and polyphenols, peptidases, nitrogen transporters and enzymes in pathways of the nitrogen and carbon metabolism were upregulated in concert. Addition of ammonium had minute effects on both the expression of transcripts and decomposition of litter material, and only when glucose was present. Based on the spectroscopic analyses, three major types of chemical modifications of the litter material were observed. Each of them was correlated with the expression of specific sets of genes encoding extracellular enzymes. Our data suggests that the expression of the decomposition and nitrogen assimilation machinery of ectomycorrhizal fungi can be firmly regulated by the host carbon supply, i.e. priming, and that the availability of inorganic nitrogen as such has limited effects on the saprotrophic activities. Rineau F, Shah F., Smits M.M., Persson P., Johansson T., Carleer R., Troein C., Tunlid A. (2013) Carbon availability triggers the decomposition of plant litter and assimilation of nitrogen by an ectomycorrhizal fungus (submitted) A one-chip study (data from 12 subarrays collected from a 12-plex Nimblegen microarray (ID 467991) using total RNA recovered from three separate glass-bead cultures of Paxillus involutus (ATCC200175) after amendments of various soil-derived substrates. Transcriptome profiling to examine how the presence/absence of glucose and ammonium regulates the decomposition and mobilization of nitrogen from litter material by the ectomycorrhizal fungus Paxillus involutus.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-45303
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
45303
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Paxillus involutus ATCC 200175
ID:
A-GEOD-14950
name:
NimbleGen_101221_P. involutus ATCC200175_TJ_EXP_HX12 [DesignID : 546871]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-45303/E-GEOD-45303.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-45303/E-GEOD-45303.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE45303
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

Feedback?

If you are having problems using our tools, or if you would just like to send us some feedback, please post your questions on GitHub.