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Title: Effects of CPAP Therapy on Leukocyte Gene Expression      
dateReleased:
12-31-2013
description:
Rationale: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been associated with a number of chronic disorders that may improve with effective therapy. However, the molecular pathways affected by continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment are largely unknown. We sought to assess the system-wide consequences of CPAP therapy by transcriptionally profiling peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs). Methods: Subjects diagnosed with severe OSA were treated with CPAP, and whole-genome expression measurement of PBLs was performed at baseline and following therapy. We used Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) to identify gene sets that were differentially enriched. Network analysis was then applied to identify key drivers of pathways influenced by CPAP. Results: 18 subjects with severe OSA (apnea hypopnea index ≥ 30 events/hour) underwent CPAP therapy and microarray analysis of their PBLs. Treatment with CPAP improved AHI, daytime sleepiness and blood pressure but did not affect anthropometric measures. GSEA revealed a number of enriched gene sets, many of which were involved in neoplastic processes and displayed down-regulated expression patterns in response to CPAP. Network analysis identified several densely connected genes that are important modulators of cancer and tumor growth. Conclusions: Effective therapy of OSA with CPAP is associated with alterations in circulating leukocyte gene expression. Functional enrichment and network analyses highlighted transcriptional suppression in cancer-related pathways suggesting potentially novel mechanisms linking OSA with neoplastic signatures. Total RNA from peripheral blood leukocytes of 18 subjects with severe sleep apnea at baseline and after effective CPAP therapy was hybridized to 36 Affymetrix Genechip Human Gene 1.0 ST microarrays
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-49800
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
49800
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
01-13-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AFFY-141
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Human Gene 1.0 ST Array [HuGene-1_0-st-v1]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-49800/E-GEOD-49800.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-49800/E-GEOD-49800.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE49800
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress