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Title: AMPK agonist AICAR improves cognition and motor coordination in young and aged mice      
dateReleased:
01-17-2014
description:
Normal aging can result in a decline of memory and muscle function. Exercise may prevent or delay these changes. However, aging associated frailty may preclude physical activity. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a transcriptional regulator important for muscle physiology. In the present study we investigated effects of AMPK agonist 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide riboside (AICAR) on memory and motor function in young (2-month-old), aged (23-month-old) C57Bl/6 mice, and transgenic mice with muscle-specific mutated AMPK alpha-subunit (AMPK-DN). Mice were injected with AICAR (500 mg/kg) for 3 to 14 days and tested in the Morris water maze, rotarod and open field. Improved water maze performance and motor function was observed, albeit at longer duration of administration, in aged (14 days AICAR) than young (3 days AICAR) mice. In the AMPKDN mice, the compound did not enhance behavior, providing support for a muscle mediated mechanism. In addition, microarray analysis of muscle and hippocampal tissue derived from aged mice treated with AICAR revealed changes in gene expression in both tissues, which correlated with behavioral effects in a dose-dependent manner. Pronounced up-regulation of mitochondrial genes in muscle was observed. In the hippocampus genes relevant to neuronal development and plasticity were enriched. Altogether, endurance related factors may mediate both muscle and brain health in aging, and could play a role in new therapeutic interventions. Key words: Skeletal Muscle, Brain, Exercise, AMPK, Learning and Memory, Morris water maze 23-month old female C57BL/6J mice (Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, ME) were housed under standard conditions, 3 mice per cage, with food and water ad libitum. Mice were injected intraperitoneally with 5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-a-D-ribofuranoside (AICAR, Toronto Research Chemicals Inc., Canada) dissolved in saline, 500 mg/kg/day for 3 (ACR3), 7 (ACR7) or 14 (ACR14) days or saline vehicle, for 3 (CTR) days. Thirty-three days after the final injection animals were deeply anesthetized with isofluorane and perfused transcardially with 0.9% NaCl solution. The gastrocnemius muscle and Hippocampus were quickly removed, frozen on dry ice and stored at −80 °C for RNA isolation and microarray analysis.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-50873
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
50873
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-MEXP-1174
name:
Illumina MouseRef-8 v2.0 Expression BeadChip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-50873/E-GEOD-50873.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-50873/E-GEOD-50873.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE50873
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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