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Title: Carbon starvation induces autophagy and recycling of nutrients in the ectomycorrhizal fungus Paxillus involutus      
dateReleased:
04-01-2014
description:
Ectomycorrhizal fungi are dependent on host trees for carbon supply. In return ectomycorrhizal fungi supply trees with water and nutrients. It is known that when ectomycorrhizal fungi have exploited a nutrient rich patch in soil, the carbon allocation to mycelia in that patch is reduced, with the consequence of mycelia dying, but less is known of the dynamics of this senescence. We cultivated the ectomycorrhizal fungus Paxillus involutus in an axenic system. We collected growth and transcriptome data at different stages of carbon starvation during fungal growth. Carbon starvation induced a decrease in fungal biomass, which coincided with the release of NH4+ and the expression of genes connected with autophagy as well as protease and chitinase activity. Monoaromatic compounds, chitin and protease activity was detected in the liquid growth media during carbon starvation. The exudation of NH4+ and increase of monoaromatic compound during C starvation suggests senescence and autolysis of P. involutus. Together with the upregulation of genes involved in autophagy, chitinase and endopeptidase activity this points towards a controlled senescence including recycling of compounds originating from the fungi. Reduced C allocation to ectomycorrhizal mycelia in recently depleted nutrient patches in forest soils must be of ubiquitous nature. Understanding the mechanisms during exploitation of nutrients by ectomycorrhizal fungi is of great importance for understanding carbon and nutrient dynamics in forest soils. This is to our knowledge the first study describing the carbon starvation response in an ectomycorrhizal fungus. A one-chip study (data from 12 subarrays collected from a 12-plex Nimblegen microarray (ID 527890) using total RNA recovered from three separate glass-bead cultures of Paxillus involutus (ATCC200175) grown on Minimum Melin Norkrans medium (MMN) amended with ammonium (C/N ratio 3) and harvested at different times of carbon starvation.)
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-54940
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
54940
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Paxillus involutus
ID:
A-GEOD-14950
name:
NimbleGen_101221_P. involutus ATCC200175_TJ_EXP_HX12 [DesignID : 546871]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-54940/E-GEOD-54940.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-54940/E-GEOD-54940.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE54940
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress