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Title: Epigenetic programming during monocyte to macrophage differentiation and trained innate immunity      
dateReleased:
09-26-2014
description:
Monocyte differentiation into macrophages represents one of the cornerstone processes in innate host defense. In addition, immunological imprinting of either tolerance or trained immunity after an initial infection determines the functional fate of innate immune cells and the susceptibility of the host to secondary infections. Here we comprehensively characterize the epigenetic profiles of these functional states relative to healthy adult naïve monocytes. Inflammatory and metabolic pathways are strongly modulated in the derived macrophages, including decreased activation of inflammasome components. The cAMP-dependent signaling pathway is remodeled and adrenergic signaling was functionally implicated in trained innate immunity induction in vivo. Interestingly, -Glucan trains innate immune cells through extensive remodeling of distal regulatory region-bound histone acetylation, resulting in a sizeable exclusive epigenomic signature. Accordingly, genome-wide transcription factor footprint analysis reveals a specific transcription factor repertoire at trained cell-specific enhancers when recouped with epigenetic data, forming a rich hypothesis generator to manipulate innate immunity. Monocytes were pre-incubated either with cell culture medium (RPMI), β-glucan (5µg/mL) or with LPS (100ng/mL), for 24 hours in a total volume of 10 mL. After a wash-out, cells were cultured in RPMI supplemented with 10% human pool serum. Monocytes were collected at different time points (0 h and 6 d after treatment) and counted before further treatment for chromatin immunoprecipitation, RNA or DNaseI treatment. Different donor Buffycoats (BC) were used as independent replicates. Replicates were generated for all the profiles including ChIPseq,RNAseq and DNaseIseq.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-58310
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
58310
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
10-05-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-58310/E-GEOD-58310.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-58310/E-GEOD-58310.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE58310
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress