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Title: Transcriptomic analysis of the late stages of grapevine (Vitis vinifera cv. Cabernet Sauvignon) berry ripening indicates significant induction of ethylene signaling and flavor pathways in the skin      
dateReleased:
11-01-2014
description:
Background: Grapevine berry, a nonclimacteric fruit, goes through three developmental stages, the last one called the ripening stage, when the berry changes color and dramatically increases in sugar. Flavors derived from terpenoid and fatty acid metabolism develop at the very end of this ripening stage. Whole-genome microarray analysis was used to assess the transcriptomic response of pulp and skin of Cabernet Sauvignon berries in the latter stages of ripening between 22 and 37 °Brix. Grapevine berry, a nonclimacteric fruit, goes through three developmental stages, the last one called the ripening stage, when the berry changes color and dramatically increases in sugar. Flavors derived from terpenoid and fatty acid metabolism develop at the very end of this ripening stage. Whole-genome microarray analysis was used to assess the transcriptomic response of pulp and skin of Cabernet Sauvignon berries in the latter stages of ripening between 22 and 37 °Brix. Results: There were approximatedly 18,000 transcripts whose abundance changed with °Brix level and tissue type. There were very broad changes in many gene ontology (GO) categories involving metabolism, signaling and abiotic stress. GO categories reflecting tissue differences were overrepresentation in photoysynthesis, isoprenoid metabolism and pigment biosynthesis. A more detailed analysis of the interaction of the skin and pulp with °Brix levels revealed that there were significantly higher abundances of transcripts changing with °Brix level in the skin that were involved in ethylene signaling, isoprenoid and fatty acid metabolism. Many of these transcripts were peaking around the optimal fruit stage for flavor production. The transcript abundance of approximately two-thirds of the AP2/ERF Superfamily of transcription factors changed during these developmental stages. The transcript abundance of a unique clade of ERF6-type transcription factors had the largest changes and clustered with other genes involved in ethylene, senescence, and fruit flavor production including ACC oxidase, terpene synthases, and lipoxygenases. The transcript abundance of other important transcription factors (i.e. SPL, RIN, etc.) involved in the regulation of fruit ripening was also higher in the skin. Conclusions: A detailed analysis of the transcriptomic response of grapevine berries revealed that these berries went through massive changes in chemical signaling and metabolism in both the pulp and skin, particularly in the skin. The ethylene signaling pathway of this nonclimacteric fruit was significantly stimulated in the late stages of ripening when the production of transcripts for important flavor and aroma compounds were at their highest. Ethylene transcription factors known to play a role in leaf senescence also appear to play a role in fruit senescence. Ethylene may play a bigger role than previously thought in this non-climacteric fruit. Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet Sauvignon (clone 8 scion on 1130 Paulsen rootstock) berries were harvested from J. Lohr Vineyards & Wines, Paso Robles, CA, USA. Whole-genome microarray analysis was used to assess the transcriptomic response of pulp and skin of berries in the latter stages of ripening between 22 and 37 °Brix (2008 vintage).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-55302
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
55302
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
11-08-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Vitis vinifera
ID:
A-GEOD-17894
name:
NimbleGen 090918 Vitus vinifera exp HX12 [GENE_CALL_ID version]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55302/E-GEOD-55302.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55302/E-GEOD-55302.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE55302
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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