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Title: CMV-Specific CD8+ Memory T Cells Re-Emerge After Viral Challenge And Recapitulate CMV Immunity Under Various Adoptive Transfer Conditions      
dateReleased:
01-28-2015
description:
Reconstitution of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific immunity following transplant remains a primary clinical objective to prevent CMV disease, and adoptive immunotherapy of CMV-specific T cells can be an effective therapeutic approach. Due to the persistence of CMV, most CMV-specific CD8+ T cells become terminally differentiated effector cells (TEFF). However, a minor subset retains a memory phenotype (TM). Interestingly, recent studies suggest that CMV-specific CD8+ T cells with different phenotypes may have different abilities to reconstitute sustained immunity following transfer. The immunology of human CMV (HCMV) infections is reflected in the mouse model of MCMV infection. We found that HCMV- and MCMV-specific T cells displayed shared genetic programs, validating the MCMV model for studies of CMV-specific T cells in vivo. After transfer, the proliferative capacity of MCMV-specific TM cells was vastly superior to TEFF cells. Strikingly, TM cells expanded and established sustained and diverse T cell populations even after multiple challenges. Although both T­EFF and T­M cells could protect Rag-/- mice, only T­M cells could consistently survive after transfer into immune replete, latently infected recipients and respond if recipient immunity was lost. These data show that CMV-specific TM cells retain memory function during persistent infection and can re-establish CMV immunity when necessary. C57BL/6 mice were infected intraperitoneally (i.p.) with MCMV strain MW97.01 between 6-16 weeks of age. Splenocytes were isolated from chronically-infected mice and co-stained with three PE-conjugated tetramers loaded with the antigenic peptides from M38, m139 and IE3, all of which promote memory inflation. Cells were then stained with fluorescently conjugated antibodies and sorted on a MoFlo cell sorter. Naïve CD8+ cells were identified as CD44lo. MCMV-specific T cells were identified as CD8+, CD44hi and tetramer binding and then further segregated into memory and effector cells subsets by their expression of KLRG1 and CD127.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-61927
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
61927
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
02-03-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-AFFY-130
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Gene 1.0 ST Array [MoGene-1_0-st-v1]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-61927/E-GEOD-61927.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-61927/E-GEOD-61927.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE61927
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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