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Title: Assessment of MEK-ERK pathway targeting by BRAF, NRAS and KRAS gene mutations in plasma cell dyscrasias [Patient samples]      
dateReleased:
07-01-2015
description:
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignant disorder characterized by the clonal proliferation of plasma cells (PCs) in the bone marrow (BM). The genetic background and clinical course of the disease are largely heterogeneous, and MM pathophysiology ranges from the premalignant condition of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) to smoldering MM, symptomatic MM, and extramedullary MM/plasma cell leukemia (PCL). Recent genome-wide sequencing efforts have provided the rationale for molecularly aimed treatment approaches, identifying mutations that can be specifically targeted, such as those in the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, which represent the most prevalent mutations in MM. Among these, mutations affecting BRAF gene, detected in 4-15% of patients, are of potential immediate clinical relevance due to the availability of effective inhibitors of this serine-threonine kinase which are in fact being explored also in myeloma. In this study, we screened by next generation sequencing (NGS) a large and representative series of intramedullary and extramedullary MM patients, including primary and secondary plasma cell leukemia (pPCL and sPCL, respectively), for mutations in BRAF, NRAS and KRAS genes. We evaluated the relationship of identified variants with other clinical and biological features and determined the transcriptional signature associated with MAPK pathway activation in MM. To identify transcriptomic profiles possibly related to BRAF, NRAS and KRAS mutations found in our study, we investigated by Affymetrix microarray technology a large fraction (n=142) of the samples analyzed by NGS, including wild-type patients for all the three genes and cases carrying mutations in at least one of them. Assuming that alterations present in a very limited number of malignant PCs might not appreciably affect gene expression, we chose to arbitrarily establish 20% as the lower variant allele frequency cut-off to perform supervised analyses.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-66291
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
66291
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-19-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-19824
name:
[HuGene-1_0-st] Affymetrix Human Gene 1.0 ST Array [hugene10st_Hs_ENTREZG, Brainarray v18]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-66291/E-GEOD-66291.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-66291/E-GEOD-66291.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE66291
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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