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Title: Copy number variation analysis of hepatic metastases from uveal melanoma      
dateReleased:
05-18-2016
description:
Metastatic uveal melanoma (MUM) is chemoresistant and usually fatal within one year of diagnosis. There is an urgent need to better understand disease pathogenesis, in order to determine key drivers of the metastatic process that could be effectively targeted by therapy. Gene copy number variations occurring in a rare cohort of 13 metastatic and six matched primary, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded uveal melanoma samples were identified using the Affymetrix Genome-Wide Human SNP 6.0 Array. Gross chromosomal abnormalities commonly seen in primary UM and associated with the development of metastasis were observed in the MUMs. The most common CNVs were gene amplifications on chromosome 8q, especially in the region 8q24.3. Interestingly, deletions on chromosome 3 were detected at a lower frequency. Genomic profiles of PUM-MUM pairs varied in their degree of similarity and complexity. No genes were altered being unique to either all PUMs or all MUMs of the pairs, but 135 gene CNVs were consistently shared. Of these genes, 125 were amplifications located on chr. 8q24.3. Five genes in the region 8q24.3 and two genes on chromosome 3 were selected for validation by immunohistochemistry because of their known function in cancer (BCL6, C-MYC, E2F5, PTP4A3, SNAI2, and WISP1), or known importance in UM pathology (BAP1). The functional effect of these CNVs on protein expression was confirmed; amplified genes showed increased expression and deleted genes reduced expression. To conclude, our data demonstrate frequent amplification of chromosome 8q in MUMs, suggesting that genes facilitating the expansion of UM in the metastatic niche occur in this region. Furthermore, validation of a range of amplified 8q genes at the protein level strongly indicates the CNVs may be functional and, contribute to MUM biology. 19 samples in total: 13 metastatic uveal melanoma (MUMs) and in six cases their paired primary UM (PUMs)
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-69614
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
69614
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-21-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AFFY-142
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Genome-Wide Human SNP 6.0 [GenomeWideSNP_6]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-69614/E-GEOD-69614.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-69614/E-GEOD-69614.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE69614
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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