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Title: Transcription profiling of mouse skeletal muscle overexpressing PPARalpha      
dateReleased:
06-14-2008
description:
This experiment was conducted to identify target genes of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARa) in skeletal muscle of transgenic mice that overexpressed PPARa. The following abstract from the published manuscript describes the major findings of this work. A potential link between muscle peroxisome proliferator- activated receptor-alpha signaling and obesity-related diabetes.Finck BN, Bernal-Mizrachi C, Han DH, Coleman T, Sambandam N, LaRiviere LL, Holloszy JO, Semenkovich CF, Kelly DP. The role of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) in the development of insulin-resistant diabetes was evaluated using gain- and loss-of-function approaches. Transgenic mice overexpressing PPARalpha in muscle (MCK-PPARalpha mice) developed glucose intolerance despite being protected from diet-induced obesity. Conversely, PPARalpha null mice were protected from diet-induced insulin resistance in the context of obesity. In skeletal muscle, MCK-PPARalpha mice exhibited increased fatty acid oxidation rates, diminished AMP-activated protein kinase activity, and reduced insulin-stimulated glucose uptake without alterations in the phosphorylation status of key insulin-signaling proteins. These effects on muscle glucose uptake involved transcriptional repression of the GLUT4 gene. Pharmacologic inhibition of fatty acid oxidation or mitochondrial respiratory coupling prevented the effects of PPARalpha on GLUT4 expression and glucose homeostasis. These results identify PPARalpha-driven alterations in muscle fatty acid oxidation and energetics as a potential link between obesity and the development of glucose intolerance and insulin resistance. Experiment Overall Design: RNA from two wild-type (non-transgenic (NTG)) and two PPARalpha overexpressing (MCK-PPARa) mice was analyzed. Two replicates of each are provided.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-5777
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
5777
dateSubmitted:
09-06-2006
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
03-27-2012
creators:
Brian Finck
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
name:
individual genetic characteristics
ID:
A-AFFY-36
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Genome 430A 2.0 [Mouse430A_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-5777/E-GEOD-5777.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-5777/E-GEOD-5777.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE5777
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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