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Title: Transcription profiling of human skeletal muscle of women with PCOS reveals reduced expression of mitochondrial oxidative metabolism genes      
dateReleased:
06-15-2008
description:
Recently, abnormalities in mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of skeletal muscle insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes. In the present study, we hypothesized that decreased expression of OXPHOS genes could be of similar importance for insulin resistance in the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Using the HG-U133 Plus 2.0 expression array from Affymetrix, we analyzed gene expression in skeletal muscle from obese women with PCOS (n=16) and age- and body mass index-matched control women (n=13) metabolically characterized by euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp and indirect calorimetry. To identify pathways of importance for the pathogenesis of insulin resistance in PCOS, we performed biological pathway analysis using Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA 1.0) and Gene Microarray Pathway Profiler (GenMAPP 2.0). The expression of 9 genes, selected according to biological relevance, was evaluated by quantitative real time PCR (q-RT-PCR). Women with PCOS were characterized by fasting hyperinsulinemia and impaired insulin-stimulated glucose disposal - caused by reduced glucose oxidation and storage - as well as impaired suppression of lipid oxidation (all P<0.01). GSEA and GenMAPP both revealed the same set of genes involved in OXPHOS, which was also the most downregulated biological pathway (P<0.01). These results were confirmed by q-RT-PCR of six genes from the OXPHOS gene set as well as three transcription factors known to regulate the transcription of these genes. Our results, for the first time, provide evidence for an association between insulin resistance and impaired mitochondrial oxidative metabolism in skeletal muscle in women with PCOS. This may contribute to the increased risk of type 2 diabetes observed in these women Experiment Overall Design: 16 insulin resistant PCOS patients of fertile age were matched to 13 healthy control subjects.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-6798
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
6798
dateSubmitted:
01-18-2007
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
03-27-2012
creators:
Vibe Skov
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
name:
unknown experiment type
ID:
A-AFFY-44
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 [HG-U133_Plus_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-6798/E-GEOD-6798.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-6798/E-GEOD-6798.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE6798
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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